Ammonium nitrate has the chemical formula NH4NO3, which contains two nitrogen (N) atoms, four hydrogen (H) atoms, and three oxygen (O) atoms. Uses of this salt include in fertilizer, in explosives, and in making instant chilly packs. The production of ammonium nitrate is subject to strict testing measures in Europe, which Hoxha says were ramped up after a 2001 explosion in Toulouse, France that killed dozens. ANFO (or AN/FO, for ammonium nitrate/fuel oil) is a widely used bulk industrial explosive.Its name is commonly pronounced as "an-fo". Apr 22, 2019 Global Statistics Representing Ammonium Nitrate Market Scenario Ammonium nitrate is a chemical compound that remains solid at standard pressure and room temperature. Ammonium nitrate is used in fertilizers and bomb making and is a salt made from ammonium and nitric acid and is highly explosive.. As per Live Science , Ammonium nitrate is frequently added to increase a fertilizer’s nitrogen content and because it is relatively stable under most conditions and is inexpensive to manufacture, it is a popular alternative to other, more expensive nitrogen sources.. It is popular because it is a cheap and highly stable explosive. Uses of ammonium nitrate. * Making explosives. What is the Difference Between Blended Learning & Distance Learning? Ammonium nitrate is used in the high explosive ANFO (ammonium nitrate/fuel oil). Ammonium nitrate is used in the high explosive ANFO (ammonium nitrate/fuel oil). Find Lowest Prices. Ammonium nitrate is a chemical substance with various industrial uses that we encounter more often than we think. Quiz & Worksheet - Ammonium Nitrate Uses & Formula, Over 83,000 lessons in all major subjects, {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}}, The Octet Rule and Lewis Structures of Atoms, Ions: Predicting Formation, Charge, and Formulas of Ions, Ionic Compounds: Formation, Lattice Energy and Properties, Naming Ionic Compounds: Simple Binary, Transition Metal & Polyatomic Ion Compounds, Covalent Compounds: Properties, Naming & Formation, Lewis Structures: Single, Double & Triple Bonds, Covalent Bonds: Predicting Bond Polarity and Ionic Character, Dipoles & Dipole Moments: Molecule Polarity, Hydrogen Bonding, Dipole-Dipole & Ion-Dipole Forces: Strong Intermolecular Forces, London Dispersion Forces (Van Der Waals Forces): Weak Intermolecular Forces, Using Orbital Hybridization and Valence Bond Theory to Predict Molecular Shape, Molecular Orbital Theory: Tutorial and Diagrams, Metallic Bonding: The Electron-Sea Model & Why Metals Are Good Electrical Conductors, Intramolecular Bonding and Identification of Organic and Inorganic Macromolecules, Organic Molecules: Alkanes, Alkenes, Aromatic Hydrocarbons and Isomers, Glycosidic Linkage: Definition & Overview, The Hydrogen Bomb: Definition, Explosion & Facts, High School Physical Science: Help and Review, Biological and Biomedical It is used as an absorbent for nitrogen oxides, an ingredient of freezing mixtures, an oxidizer in rocket propellants, and a nutrient for yeast and antibiotics. Have you ever had bruising, inflammation, or swelling that you needed to tend to, perhaps the result of a sports injury? What is Professional Development for Teachers? Ammonium nitrate would only explode on its own if its temperature was rapidly raised to 400 degrees Fahrenheit. Fertilizer-grade ammonium nitrate can be powdered or in the form of prills. ANFO (or AN/FO, for ammonium nitrate/fuel oil) is a widely used bulk industrial explosive. In this mixture, the ammonium nitrate serves as an oxidizing agent for fuel. - Structure, Uses & Formula, Sulfur Dioxide & Sulfur Trioxide Reaction: Conditions & Equilibrium, Nitrification: Definition, Cycle & Equation, Carbonic Acid: Formation, Structure & Chemical Equation, Using Sodium Hydroxide Solution to Identify Metal Ions, Pentene: Structural Formula, Isomers & Uses, High School Physics: Homework Help Resource, ILTS Science - Environmental Science (112): Test Practice and Study Guide, High School Biology: Homework Help Resource, High School Physical Science: Homework Help Resource, High School Physical Science: Tutoring Solution, NY Regents Exam - Chemistry: Help and Review, Glencoe Chemistry - Matter And Change: Online Textbook Help, Glencoe Physical Science: Online Textbook Help, Georgia Milestones - Physical Science EOC: Test Prep & Practice, ILTS Science - Physics (116): Test Practice and Study Guide. By SETH J. FRANTZMAN . Ammonium Nitrate Safety . It is popular because it is a cheap and highly stable explosive. Get Started Ammonium nitrate is marketed in several forms, depending upon its use. Select a subject to preview related courses: Amatol is an explosive material from a mixture of trinitrotoluene (TNT) and ammonium nitrate. Ammonium nitrate is a chemical compound with the chemical formula NH 4 NO 3.It is a white crystalline solid consisting of ions of ammonium and nitrate.It is highly soluble in water and hygroscopic as a solid, although it does not form hydrates.It is predominantly used in agriculture as a high-nitrogen fertilizer. In its pure form, ammonium nitrate (NH4NO3) is a white, crystalline chemical which is soluble in water. Ammonium nitrate, which Lebanese authorities have said caused the devastating Beirut blast, is an odorless crystalline substance commonly used … The use of ammonium nitrate in gardens and large-scale growing fields stimulates plant growth and provides a ready source of nitrogen that plants can draw from. - Structure, Uses & Formula, What is Potassium Chloride? Read More. Regulations in India about ammonium nitrate . Create your account. Ammonium nitrate has various uses in various industries. Calcium ammonium nitrate (CAN), prepared from ammonium nitrate and calcium carbonate, is used in some cases as an alternative to ammonium nitrate. These contain two packs, one with water and the other with ammonium nitrate, and when broken these mix to create an endothermic reaction (absorbs heat from the surroundings to become cool). and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you. credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. courses that prepare you to earn This is a well-known hazard with some types of NPK fertilizers and is That is to make sure no remaining acid will be present in the ammonium nitrate obtained on evaporation and crystallisation. Ammonium nitrate is predominantly used in agriculture as a fertiliser. {{courseNav.course.topics.length}} chapters | When the time comes to use the instant cold bag, the water bag is broken, allowing the water to come into contact with ammonium nitrate (or calcium nitrate or urea). Anyone can earn NOVEMBER 16, 2020 18:19 ‘IT … It is highly soluble in water and hygroscopic as a solid, although it does not form hydrates. Nitrogen is an important plant nutrient that assists in the metabolic processes and growth that the plant undergoes. first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Global production was estimated at 21.6 million tonnes in 2017. This melt is then used to make solid ammonium nitrate products. Ammonium nitrate is a crystal-like white solid which is made in large industrial quantities. Despite its dangers, Oxley said legitimate uses of ammonium nitrate in agriculture and construction have made it indispensable. 2. The high nitrogen amount in this compound is the main reason why it is very popular in agriculture. It's actually the main component of an explosive called ammonium nitrate fuel oil (ANFO), which is a mixture of 94% ammonium nitrate and 6% of fuel oil. Ammonium nitrate is a very widely used chemical that has a variety of software programs throughout the world. It is also one of the main components in mining explosives. Ammonium nitrate is classified as dangerous goods and all aspects of its use are tightly regulated. It is popular because it is a cheap and highly stable explosive. * Ammonium nitrate is an industrial chemical commonly used in fertilisers and as an explosive for quarrying and mining. This is one of the most popular explosives for a variety of applications such as; coal mining, quarrying, and in construction. The ammonium nitrate dissolves in water, and if the water is heated, the by-product will be a nitrous oxide, also known as laughing gas. Determine the amount of fertilizer necessary using the soil test results as a guide. If you have, then you may have used an instant cold pack, which is a device that you may have lying around at home and is a convenient replacement for an ice bag. An error occurred trying to load this video. It is also one of the main components in mining explosives. The chemical formula of ammonium nitrate is NH4NO3: it has two nitrogen (N) atoms, four hydrogen (H) atoms, and three oxygen (O) atoms. Usually, it is sold in the form of pellets which are coated with clay. Basically, it has about 20-30% calcium … Distance Learning Considerations for English Language Learner (ELL) Students, Roles & Responsibilities of Teachers in Distance Learning. Express your answer as a chemical formula. When you add ammonium nitrate to water, you have a good example of an endothermic reaction. Plus, get practice tests, quizzes, and personalized coaching to help you Not sure what college you want to attend yet? The explosives manufactured using ammonium nitrate are used in the mining industry. At high enough temperatures, however, ammonium nitrate can violently decompose on its own. flashcard set{{course.flashcardSetCoun > 1 ? Amatol was popularly used in World War I and II, most often in various military weapons such as aircraft bombs and shells. Ammonium nitrate. How do you write a chemical equation for NH4NO3? Ammonium nitrate solution can be prepared by neutralising ammonia solution with nitric acid.It is advised to use a slight excess of ammonia. Authorities said the bomb used consisted of ammonium nitrate equivalent to 3 kilograms of TNT. Ammonium nitrate contains two ions: one ammonium ion (NH4+) and one nitrate ion (NO3-), so the bond between these two ions is what we call an ionic bond. The commercial grade contains about 33.5 percent nitrogen, all of which is in forms utilizable by plants; it is the most common nitrogenous component of artificial fertilizers. Another use of ammonium nitrate is in the food industry where it is used as a nutrient in producing antibiotics and yeast. Uses of calcium ammonium nitrate fertilizer: Calcium ammonium nitrate fertilizer is the high-efficient compound fertilizer including nitrogen and quick-acting calcium. Pure AN is stable and will stop decomposing once the heat source is removed, but when catalysts are present, the reaction can become self-sustaining (known as self-sustaining decomposition, or SSD). succeed. It takes energy to do this, which is absorbed from the surroundings and makes the solution cold. It is the most potent, economical, and convenient fertilizer on the market; thus, continues to be stored in large quantities in ports and other places around the world. Powered by Create your own unique website with customizable templates. The structure of the formula of ammonium nitrate is shown in the following illustration: Let's discuss some uses for ammonium nitrate. It is an oxidiser considered relatively safe if … Uses of ammonium nitrate. imaginable degree, area of Amatol, an explosive used in military weapons, is made of a mixture of TNT and ammonium nitrate. What is the molecular formula for ammonium nitrate? Ammonium nitrate is commonly used in many terrorist attacks for making detonators and other weapons of mass destruction. It is widely used in the greenhouse and large area farmland. Generally, ammonium nitrate is used as a fertilizer. study As it happens, ammonium nitrate is commonly used as a component in fertilizers and is a very important chemical in the agricultural industry. Calculate the concentration of ammonium nitrate solution. Get the unbiased info you need to find the right school. Agricultural use. Ammonium nitrate is a chemical compound with the chemical formula NH4NO3. {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}} lessons ANFO makes up about 80% of all explosives used in the United States each year. Fertilizer © copyright 2003-2020 Study.com. The physical state of ammonium nitrate is typically a white solid that is soluble in water. Create an account to start this course today. Ammonium nitrate(NH4NO3) is used in: * Manufacturing of fertilizer. - Structure, Formula & Uses, Aluminum Bromide: Chemical Formula, Symbol & Uses, What is Silica? READ MORE: Uses of Internet. Ammonium nitrate is used in the high explosive ANFO (ammonium nitrate/fuel oil). Answers to life's questions, Why are Whale Sharks an Endangered Species, How Many Countries Make up the Commonwealth. Ammonium nitrate is also one of the most commonly used high nitrogen fertilizers. Ammonium nitrate has many uses in different types of fields, mostly in fertilizers and explosives. Chemically, this salt is the nitrate of ammonia and at room temperature presents itself as a solid white substance, in similar appearance… Melting point of ammonium nitrate is about 170 °C and it … Copyright © 2017. I know a bit about a technique called cut and fill mining. The commercial form of explosive uses ammonium nitrate and fuel oil, a combination known in the industry as ANFO. Sciences, Culinary Arts and Personal Earn Transferable Credit & Get your Degree, What is Potassium Sulfate? It is the main ingredient in the manufacture of commercial explosives used in mining and construction. Sexual Orientation & Gender Identity Rights in the U.S. When 10.0 g of solid ammonium nitrate, NH_4NO_3(s) dissolves in 100.0 g of water in a calorimeter the temperature drops from 23.0 degree C to 16.0 degree C. Assuming the specific heat of the resulting. Find patient medical information for Ammonium Nitrate (Bulk) on WebMD including its uses, side effects and safety, interactions, pictures, warnings and user ratings. Ammonium nitrate is a chemical compound with the power to feed billions but also the potential to devastate. Calcium ammonium nitrate and ammonium nitrate are mainly used as fertilizers. Its name is commonly pronounced as "an-fo". Use of a combustible sensitized ammonium nitrate started in 1955 when mixtures were packaged in plastic, waterproof bags for use in large diameter boreholes, mainly in coal mining stripping operations. Side Effects. In this lesson, we will discuss the formula of ammonium nitrate, as well as its uses. To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page. The ammonium fraction is taken up by roots or gradually converted to nitrate by soil microorganisms. I know a bit about a technique called cut and fill mining. It is widely used for this purpose in agriculture around the world. Ammonium nitrate has the chemical formula of NH 4 NO 3. Ammonium nitrate, (NH 4 NO 3), a salt of ammonia and nitric acid, used widely in fertilizers and explosives. https://study.com/academy/lesson/ammonium-nitrate-uses-formula.html Ammonium nitrate (AN) is a more concentrated source of nitrogen containing 33.5 percent to 34.5 percent N. It is one of the most widely used straight nitrogen products and provides both ammonium-N and fast-acting nitrate-N to the crop. Timothy McVeigh used two tons of ammonium nitrate to bomb a federal building in Oklahoma City in 1995, leading to the deaths of 168 people. Global production was estimated at 21.6 million tonnes in 2017. Because it is used as an ingredient for the production of industrial explosives, anaesthetic gases, fertilisers, cold packs and has a strong possibility of misuse, ammonium nitrate is highly regulated in India, at least in letter. It is primarily used as a nitrogen fertilizer and thus, the ammonium nitrate market is expected to grow in tandem with the fertilizer industry, which in turn is dependent upon the agriculture industry, globally. Did you know… We have over 220 college At room temperature it is a white crystal-like substance. The chemical is applied in granule form into the soil and quickly dissolves under moisture, allowing nitrogen to be released. If you have a question you can search for the answer below! In most countries, it is used to make explosives for mining, quarrying … Ammonium nitrate, which Lebanese authorities have said caused the devastating Beirut blast, is an odorless crystalline substance commonly used … Recent incidences of explosions in various countries like Germany, France, Belgium, USA, and Afghanistan are proofs of the ill effects of this chemical. As it happens, ammonium nitrate is commonly used as a component in fertilizers and is a very important chemical in the agricultural industry. This is because when ammonium nitrate burns, some oxygen is left over. Working Scholars® Bringing Tuition-Free College to the Community. These packs are commonly used to reduce swelling for sports injuries or other first aid situations where ice is not available. An instant cold pack is a device that has two bags: one contains water and the other bag contains ammonium nitrate (or calcium nitrate or urea). How to use Ammonium Nitrate (Bulk) Granules. Ammonium nitrate is used in manufacturing explosives. Is it NH3 + H2O = NH4 + OH? Enrolling in a course lets you earn progress by passing quizzes and exams. Another use of ammonium nitrate is in the food industry where it is used as a nutrient in producing antibiotics and yeast. | {{course.flashcardSetCount}} With this method, you drill into the end of a mining chamber called a stope, which is a bit like a tunnel with a brow coming down from the back (what we’d call the ceiling). - Uses, Formula & Side Effects, What is Nitric Acid? Ammonium nitrate decomposes in temperatures above 210 °C (410 °F). Ammonium nitrate has been mixed with a number of fuels such as sugar and aluminum. It has many important applications. Determine the amount of fertilizer necessary using the soil test results as a guide. Ammonium nitrate is a chemical that I first encountered in the chemistry laboratory back in high school. Ammonium nitrate is a popular fertilizer since it provides half of the N in the nitrate form and half in the ammonium form. This is an acidic salt with a pH of about 5.4. It is an inexpensive synthetic source of nitrogen, one of the 14 essential soil nutrients needed for plant growth. In the agricultural industry, it's a component for manufacturing fertilizers. Ammonium nitrate is used commonly in fertilizers; in pyrotechniques, herbicides, and insecticides; and in the manufacture of nitrous oxide. This is one of the most popular explosives for a variety of applications such as; coal mining, quarrying, and in construction. This is why it is effective in mining explosives, where it's mixed with oil and other fuels. What is the formula for the ammonium ion? In North America, ANFO is a component in 80% of the explosives used due to its low cost and high stability. Uses of ammonium nitrate. Additionally, because of its low cost and relative availability, ammonium nitrate is often found in improvised explosive devices (IEDs), also called homemade bombs. Ammonium nitrate, the substance. Nissa has a masters degree in chemistry and has taught high school science and college level chemistry. Ammonium nitrate is a common industrial chemical used mainly for fertiliser because it is a good source of nitrogen for plants. Which reason best explains this? Sociology 110: Cultural Studies & Diversity in the U.S. CPA Subtest IV - Regulation (REG): Study Guide & Practice, CPA Subtest III - Financial Accounting & Reporting (FAR): Study Guide & Practice, First & Second Language Acquisition in the Classroom. Another important use of this chemical compound is in instant cold packs. This is the nitrate of ammonia, and it has the following structure. Commercial production consists of reacting ammonia with nitric acid which produces a solution of ammonium nitrate. 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By Hezbollah and was also the cause of the most commonly used as a solid, although it not. Chemistry laboratory back in high school physical science: help and Review page to learn more in certain cold!