Unserviceable arms sold out of the service 'should' have a large S obliterating the barrel proof mark and opposed broad arrows (i.e. If a collector were to have only one true Confederate imported weapon in their collection, one of these Confederate marked Enfields … Volunteers were issued pattern 1853 Enfields. The gun retains its original long-range rear sight and the combination front sight/bayonet lug. In 1854, Thomas H Potts and Thomas Hunt formed a partnership known as Potts & Hunt, and that partnership remained in business through 1867, when the partners split up and went their own ways. The blade has no inspection marks and the socket is numbered "580". These include a P&H mark for Potts & Hunt, the initials  JM and the name of the Birmingham barrel maker who supplied the rough barrel, EZRA MILLWARD. © 1998-2020 Copyright Research Press All Rights Reserved. 1853 1862 Enfield Hello, I just purchased this rifle. This Confederate Potts & Hunt does have boarder line engraving. Two of the three of the barrel band tension screws retain their original round screw keepers on the ends, with the lower band missing this part. 1853 Enfield ... been adapted into a tribal knife but still bears traces of the British markings. The bayonet rides in the later type of scabbard supplied mostly for use on the Snider. Overall, this is a very attractive, relatively crisp, 100% period complete and correct Confederate Purchased Pattern 1853 Enfield Rifle Musket by the well-known London gun making firm of Potts & Hunt. The protector has the correct pattern chain and the original iron base with  only traces of the leather pad remaining. Windsor production from Vermont USA are marked WINDSOR on the locks. The thickest area of oxidation is around the breech of the barrel and is thinner and more mottled on the exposed portions of the metal, with the barrel having a smooth pewter patina under the bands and under the barrel where the stock has protected the metal. 1 Mk3 (mark III) SMLE Stock front hand guard . Of course, Colt was not the only buyer to obtain Enfields from Potts & Hunt, as the company sold the guns to all willing buyers on both sides of the conflict. However, as I have noted more than once, when it comes to Civil War used Enfields, “never say never” is a good watch word as even strong trends do not always hold consistently. Pattern 1853 Enfield Rifles for Sale. marking on the lock plate tail. $8.95 shipping. Last updated: 11/15/2003. This was produced by British Small Arms (BSA) at the Maltby facility for WWll service. Musket, Mr. The Enfield 1853 Rifle-Musket was also used by both the North and the South in the American Civil War, and was the second most widely used infantry weapon in the war, surpassed only by the Springfield Model However, Colt delivered just under half of those 12,000 long guns. Birmingham Contractors - marked TOWER on the locks. 1853, The ramrod channel has the matching mating mark throughout the balance of the gun. Markings on British and Commonwealth Bayonets . In a completely non-scientific analysis of extant examples of Potts & Hunt produced Enfield rifle muskets, it has been found that the many of the Potts & Hunt guns with southern or Confederate markings and attributions do not have this boarder line engraving, while most of the examples with the border line engraving that have any sort of markings or attribution have a Yankee association. The Enfield Pattern 1853 rifle-musket (also known as the Pattern 1853 Enfield, P53 Enfield, ... marking the target and squeezing the trigger. Overall length is 20 1/2" with a 17" bright blade. Sword explains that many Confederate Enfield rifles are found with the initials carved on the stock, the Federal Army did not do this or if it was done, it was done rarely. The "sight-bridge" is in-line with the blade. This number does not include the Enfields purchased by northern states such as New York, New Jersey and Massachusetts. It is stamped ”30” on the mortise side of the socket, and ”G6” on the underside of the socket. More pics like Lot 795: P-1853 Enfield Rifle with Confederate Associated Markings Lot 795 .577 caliber, 39" round barrel, octagonal at the breech with Birmingham proof marks. London Armoury Company - marked LACo on the locks. This Bayonet and Scabbard pairing is for our 3-band Enfield Musket. The gun retains both of its period sling swivels. The Pattern 1854 Austrian Lorenz is the second most imported rifle after the British Pattern 1853 Enfield. British Pattern 1853 bayonet. However these can sometimes be found IN ADDITION to the defaced original government proofs showing that the rifle has been correctly (and as required by law) submitted for proof prior to civilian sale. Victorian British 1853 Pattern Socket Bayonet For Enfield .577 Calibre Muzzle Loading Rifles and Scabbard. ENFIELD RIFLE MUSKET - 3 BANDS - PATTERN 1853. Stamped WD E58 . The firm of, In 1861, Colt received a contract to deliver 10,000, Potts & Hunt Enfields also appear with Confederate inspection and importation markings as well. Examiners' marks are a crown over E over a number. Adjacent to the maker mark are ¼” high stamped letters and numerals that read “21, G A R, P, 96, ”. The reasons for this are unknown, but it could be speculated that the non-engraved lock was minutely cheaper, which provided a noticeable saving across the purchase of thousands of arms. December 18, 2020 General General The 1857 Enfield is the date that it was made and Enfield Pattern … The firm of Potts & Hunt was established in London at 27 Tenter Street East in 1854. Pattern 1853: Socket bayonet for use with the Pattern 1853 Enfield Rifle-Musket. M7 Bayonet US Military Vietnam Era Knife with M10 Sheath New in Original Packaging. Strip blue and polish to Armory Bright. According to British socket bayonet authority Graham Priest, the “J•R” marking indicates that the bayonet was likely made in Liege, Belgium. Socket bayonet for use with the Pattern 1853 Enfield Rifle-Musket. The bore of the gun is in about VERY GOOD condition, with an evenly oxidized and frosted brownish-gray patina and strong visible rifling along its entire length. Even William B Edwards noted in Civil War Guns that “While Potts & Hunt are characterized by Albaugh as “probably Confederate”, Colt was a contractor with Potts & Hunt and more likely the Potts & Hunt Enfields in the Civil War came to the North through Colt.” Colt had developed his relationship with the firm during his time operating his London manufactory. There is no real indication that the stock has been sanded. The only real stock condition issues worth noting are a couple of small chips of wood missing, one at the rear of the breech plug tang, and one at the left of the tang where it meets the breech of the barrel. Original Item: Only One Available. This assists by offsetting web site running costs. This example has no British government markings, indicating that it was likely imported to the USA during the American Civil War. Untouched Enfield Pattern 1853 3 Band Barnett Rifle: This is ONE fantastic find! Examiners marks are crown over L and a number. Quote Reply Topic: BEST ENFIELD MARKINGS PAGE Posted: August 14 2011 at 4:17am: I have found what I believe are the "BEST" websites yet for helping Enfield "owners" decifer the "hard to identify" markings on their rifle(s). Rifle, These 40” long variants of the P1853 Enfield barrel were marked with a  “Diamond C” at the breech. The firm could trace its gunmaking lineage to Thomas Potts, who operated from 1828-1847 and was succeeded by Thomas’ son, Thomas Henry Potts in 1848. According to, One of the London based arms makers that has always had a strong Civil War association was the firm of Potts & Hunt. Scabbard has a black leather covered wood body made to fit the quadrangle socket bayonet. The 1853 Type III Enfield was the most common imported weapon of the Civil War. The lock has a similar, although thicker mottled brown patina. Enfield Pattern 1853 rifles made under contract or made by the British government can be classified as follows: All must carry the small acceptance mark towards the front of the lock plate which is a crown descending into a broad arrow. Therefore, it will be found that these markings relate to hardware as well as to the ammunition and various forms of packing. No markings. It was manufactured in the middle of the American Civil War. Bayonet is stamped with E/British crown/25 on the throat. Liege (Belgium) production marked on the lock with the usual Crown VR and date but no place name. The metal is mostly smooth with some scattered patches of surface oxidation, pinpricking and some light pitting which is mostly found around the breech and bolster area. Every blockade runner reserved part of its cargo space for such purchases that ranged from the European luxuries that were selling for exorbitant prices in the south during the war like high end fabrics and perfume, to much more mundane items like pins, needles and shovels; all items that were difficult to obtain in the south during the war. The original gun has some sort of unit markings in Sandskrit(?) In addition to these, those rifles sent for refurbishment to the depot at Pimlico in South London will carry further marks of a crown over P and a number. Add correct London or Birmingham Proofs $40.00 We draw file off the Italian markings and serial number from the barrel and re-stamp the serial number out-of-sight. $30.00 We draw file off the Italian markings and serial number from the barrel and re-stamp the serial number out-of-sight. Enfield, Confederate, Pattern 1853 Enfield rifle-musket, third model P’53/4—The fourth model was manufactured exclusively at the Royal Small Arms Factory Enfield and the London Armoury Co. These tiny pieces are often found missing from Enfields that survive today. 1853 Enfield - Markings. The 1853 Enfield series of Arms includes three band longarms for infantry, two band rifles, cavalry carbines and a artillery carbine. Very good plus example with an excellent scabbard. This is a solid, very nice condition, Pattern 1853 57 Caliber Enfield Rifle. While the United Kingdom is not known for its weapons’ production today, in that century the United Kingdom was a powerhouse of military technology and production. While some have the better known viewer marks like the, The gun has a lightly mottled and oxidized brownish patina developing over a mostly dull, pewter gray barrel. They were in service - in some form or fashion - until about 1875. The metal is mostly smooth with some scattered patches of surface oxidation, pinpricking and some light pitting which is mostly found around the breech and bolster area. David also replicated the original timing marks found on most original Enfield breeches before the entire barrel was then reblued to match the finish found on originals.. The gun has a lightly mottled and oxidized brownish patina developing over a mostly dull, pewter gray barrel. The left side of the stock, opposite the lock, features a single inspectors mark "D". ORIGINAL BRITISH ENFIELD RIFLE BAYONET OD CANVAS FROG Northridge International Inc. 5.0 out of 5 stars 2. Examiners' marks are crown over F and a number. It is generally believed that Potts & Hunt provided Colt’s entrée into the English gun trade and probably helped him make arrangements to buy, and later sell, the barrels through some of the Birmingham based suppliers. This example has no British government markings, indicating that it was likely imported to the USA during the American Civil War. $4.00 shipping. Every collection of Civil War arms needs at least one Enfield rifle musket, and this has a very nice look that displays well, has no glaring condition issues and is very fairly priced for a southern gun. The factories where the parts were made had resident government appointed examiners who marked all the parts even though it was quite possible that a proportion of these parts would never wind up in a government contract complete weapon. marking on the lock plate tail. It is generally assumed that the 3,120 “Long Enfields” were sourced from Potts & Hunt. As such, commercial export Enfields without British military markings (from both Birmingham and London) are often generically thought of as “US imports”. Marked, This London-Made Barnett Enfield was discovered last month by an antique picker at a yard sale in Fairfax County, VA. Potts & Hunt Enfields also appear with Confederate inspection and importation markings as well. The Pattern 1853 Enfield was a rifled musket produced by RSAF Enfield from 1853. The Confederate acquired Potts & Hunt  guns often bear one of the lesser known Confederate inspection marks, which are also found on some Barnett arms like a small script or block JS in a circle, a small SL in a circle or even a JH in a circle; just to list a few. The most iconic of the imported arms to see service with the Confederacy during the American Civil War is the British P-1853 Enfield Rifle Musket, marked with the Confederate J S / Anchor viewer’s mark of John Southgate, combined with an engraved Confederate inventory number on the tang of the brass buttplate. "3-Band" Enfield Socket Bayonet (aka Pattern 1853 Enfield Infantry "Long-Rifle" Bayonet) This is a socket bayonet manufactured from the period of 1853 to about 1870. The Anchor S stamp is very sharp and clear and is stamped in the wood in front of the buttplate tang. More pics like Lot 789: P-1853 Enfield Rifle with MGM Studio Markings Lot 789: P-1853 Enfield Rifle with MGM Studio Markings The P-1853 Enfield Rifle Musket offered here is a classic example of a Confederate marked and imported musket that ... with some darker mottling, suggesting strong traces of the original case colored finish. The stock shows numerous scattered bumps, dings and marks from service, handling and use, but still retains good edges and strong lines. The lock of the gun is clearly marked in two horizontal lines, forward of the hammer: POTTS & HUNT / LONDON. Stamp is very sharp and clear and is stamped in the stock of the gun in... Very strong association with the name J.A British Enfield rifle Birmingham EXPORT marked... To point ) stamped on the throat that needed something with more range than a pistol the North and imported! 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Facility for WWll service Arms Trade stamp in the right of the stock, the! The name J.A imported Enfield Pattern 1853 Enfield rifle with Caleb Huse inspection markings Caliber Enfield rifle bayonet CANVAS. Wonderful research project Royal Small Arms Trade stamp in the later type of scabbard mostly... I saw an article that said the 14th Ga, very nice condition, Pattern 1853 Enfield is! Point ) stamped on the GAR post as yet but this weapon makes for a wonderful research project shows... Arms Factory Enfield in 1860 carbine uses a typical Enfield type triggerguard with two screws the... This London-Made 1853 enfield markings Enfield was discovered last month by an antique picker at a yard sale in Fairfax,! Example of a Confederate Enfield with initials and notches cut in the 1857-1859 Sepoy.! The 3,120 “ long Enfields ” were sourced from Potts & Hunt fits the Enfield muzzle,! Enfield, with the Pattern 1853 Enfield... been adapted into a tribal Knife still... 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Markings & DESIGNATIONS... German Manufacturing Codes of Occupied Countries during World War 2..... At one time came out of the lock the Maltby facility for WWll service found from. Imported weapon of the P1853 Enfield barrel were marked with a 16 ½ ” triangular blade 1853...