In my case, I don`t need the heat … Soft maple will turn a translucent blue-black color. Fruit: All Maple trees produce fruits, which are actually seed pods called “samara”.The seed pods contain one or two seeds and are usually about 1 to 2 inches long. All maples are hardwoods but the species found in America are further classified as hard or soft maples. Bark: Maple trees typically have smooth, grayish-brown bark when they’re young.Mature Maple trees have brownish, rough bark that usually splits into ridges and furrows. "HARD" MAPLE VS. "SOFT" MAPLE "Hard maple" is the common term for two species of maple trees: Sugar Maple (Acer saccharum) and Black Maple (Acer nigrum). Red oak and soft maple are also susceptible to decay. Soft Maple is used to describe four other types of maple trees: Silver maple (Acer saccharinum), Red maple (Acer rebrum), Boxelder (Acer negundo) and Bigleaf maple (Acer macrophyllum). (You can find ferrous sulfate at many lawn and garden stores.) All that said, remember that these tables represent _average_ characteristics and it is possible to get hard maple that actually has characteristics in the soft range and vis-versa. Maple is often used as an ingredient in a multi-wood body, where it is generally partnered with a second, lighter wood. is a great resource on lumber if you are interested in more information. It all comes from the same tree: hard maple, rock maple, sugar maple, brown maple, white maple. Color and grain similarities make hard maples—sometimes called sugar, rock, sweet, or black maple—tough to distinguish from soft maples, which include red, silver, or swamp maple. These are commonly referred to as things such as birdseye, curly, tiger striped, and even wormy. Unlike hard maple, which refers to one particular species (Acer saccharum), soft maple refers to several different species of maple. All that said, remember that these tables represent _average_ characteristics and it is possible to get hard maple that actually has characteristics in the soft range and vis-versa. All Rights Reserved. Is this list complete? I was building a corner cabinet when I realized my workbench wasn’t quite wide enough for the... read more. Hard Maple is more commonly found in flooring because it is more dense and it is a bit harder by nature, (about 25% harder that Soft Maple). Some hard woods, like Ash, have very low moisture content before drying. You finger nail will also go into soft maple. Scrollsaw, Carving, and Decorative Projects, Hardness ratings help you choose the right species. Maple is extremely variable, so there can be very stiff “soft” maple and softer “hard” maple. The bark on a hard maple is lighter colored, plus it's tight and doesn't flake off easily, whereas on a soft maple it has long scales which easily come off. To preserve maple… Because of this, the growth rings on Hard Maple will be tighter than the growth rings on a Soft Maple board. most chats list these maple species Maple, Big Leaf 2,890 17.9 Maple, Black 3,400 21.1 Maple, Red 3,230 20.0 Maple, Sugar 3,740 23.2 Maple … Silver maple is soft compared to sugar (hard) maple, but that isn’t saying much. Whether you have hard or soft maple, the “best finish” is just the one that suits your project and personal preferences. So how do you tell the two apart? "Hard' maple is eastern sugar maple (Acer Saccharum) and is extremely hard and dense. I guess this explains why my display cabinet for my wife did not work out as well as I had hoped -- I used 3 1/2 nails for the joinery and had some splitting. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. The term refers to the quality of a maple tree's wood. They are easily identifiable by the 5 lobes (looks sort of like … These are commonly referred to as things such as birdseye, curly, tiger striped, and even wormy. Our Red Maple lumber is 100% Red Leaf Maple and comes from within about 100 mile radius (62 km) of our manufacturing facilities. the term "soft maple" always confuses me when I hear it as I/we consider all maple a hard wood around here and I never see a reference to it on any btu charts, so my question is what exactally is soft maple? Maple is a very hard … Hard maple is commonly used in the manufacture of flooring, furniture, cabinets, billiard cues and other finished wood products. To bring out the pattern in bird’s-eye or curly maple while giving it a light amber color, apply boiled linseed oil and allow it to dry for a week before applying a clear film finish. var path = 'hr' + 'ef' + '='; However, many foresters/loggers/lumber mills use the term 'soft maple' applied to eastern red maple (Acre Rubrum) and red maple is anything but soft; the term 'soft maple' is applied to it here in the east only as relative to sugar maple. Sometimes the best way is to ask a professional, however, a here are a few guidelines that prove to be help. Colour is also a good indicator soft has a green-grey and some times redish colour and more suseptable to discolouration. Taking the hardness data into consideration with other hardwoods, Brown Maple is slightly easier than Maple to work with when being shaped. Generally, the sapwood is greyish-white, sometimes with darker-colored pith flecks. Soft Maples on the other hand are comprised of a few varietires of Maple Species such as Big Leaf Maple (Acer Macrophyllum) and Red Maple (Acer Rebrum). We do not mix Silver Leaf with this species, as is a common practice in the industry. Red Maple is sometimes referred to as Soft Maple Lumber, because it is softer than Hard Maple. Best offers for your Garden - https://amzn.to/2InnD0w-----How to Tell the Difference Between Hard Maple & Soft Maple Trees. Now, the maple I bought is the stuff you guys refer to as soft maple, but it is really a hard wood and will burn longer than the fir albiet, with less heat output. the term "soft maple" always confuses me when I hear it as I/we consider all maple a hard wood around here and I never see a reference to it on any btu charts, so my question is what exactally is soft maple? This article originally appeared in the November 2010 issue. Across the bottom will be 4 drawers. Best for: Millwork, kitchen cabinets, furniture, pallets, crates, basket veneer. In the fall, the leaves will turn a lovely red, yellow or orange color. In the fall, the leaves will turn a lovely red, yellow or orange color. Hard Maple … Hard maple sands to a smoother finish than poplar. For a simple test to tell the difference, Robert, mix two tablespoons of ferrous sulfate (iron sulfate) in one cup of water and shake until dissolved. Heartwood ranges from dark brown to green to black. The hard maple you buy should be 99% white sapwood. Soft Maple is more likely to be darker and include red, brown or gray streaks within it. The acer saccharum to be most specific.. That species name, saccharum, is Latin for sugar. "Soft maple" is the common term for four species of maple trees: Silver maple … A few of the most common of the “soft maple… You need JavaScript enabled to view it. This kind of maple, as the name suggest, is not as hard or as strong, so it is not used for flooring, but is ideal for wood-worked décor items, furniture veneers, crates and pallets. Soft maple is generally available in 4/4, 5/4, 6/4 and 8/4 thicknesses. All maples are hardwoods but the species found in America are further classified as hard or soft maples. While Brown Maple is sometimes referred to as “soft,” it is actually only soft in comparison to Hard Maple. Both Hard Maple and Soft Maple are terrific species to work with. Re: How do I distinguish soft maple vs hard maple Hard Maple has nice distinct medullary rays where soft maple does not. addydc307a2782f50b204b248238c5a9584a = addydc307a2782f50b204b248238c5a9584a + 'baillie' + '.' + 'com'; Plus, it grows twice as fast which means that a soft maple tree can be planted and harvested in half the time it takes to grow and harvest a hard maple … The two most popular are mahogany or maple. It ranks 8 on the scale, but it can also vary depending on where it grows. "Hard maple" is the common term for two species of maple trees: Sugar Maple (Acer saccharum) and Black Maple (Acer nigrum). The first is Hard Maple, (Acer saccharum), which many also refer to as Sugar Maple. A good builder will respond to the individual characteristics of each blank, adjusting thickness accordingly. . Special grain effects like this are usually highly sought after by designers who are looking for a unique look but not by flooring or cabinet manufacturers who much rather use a maple for its consistent color and uniformed grain pattern. 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