Non-Bolshevik socialists, liberals and supporters of autocracy condemned the Bolshevik uprising. However, socialists cherished different visions of the future. Answer: They favoured a party which was open to all and to work within the system. What were the major changes that Stalin introduced in the field of agriculture through his collectivisation programme? Workers whose jobs needed skill and training considered themselves aristocrats among other workers. Very Short Answer Type Questions. Answer: Liberals. Question 15. Get the best NCERT Solutions for CBSE Class 9 History and overcome your fear of facing the challenging History questions. On 22 February, a lockout took place at a factory on the right bank of the river Neya.On 23 February, workers in fifty factories called a strike in sympathy. (ii) The western front was fought between France, Great Britain and the US. Hence, they could not be part of a socialist movement. The membership of workers’ associations rose dramatically. In April 1917, he returned to Russia from his exile and took over power. They saw it as the root of all social ills of the time. They disliked concentration of property in the hands of a few. (i) Social conditions: There was no equality among the working class. Question 1. 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Turkey (Ottoman Empire), Allied Powers → D. France, E. England, F. Russia, G. Ameriea (USA). Answer: It stretches to the Pacific and comprised today’s Central Asian states, as well as Georgia, Armenia and Azerbaijan. According to some Russian socialists, the Russian peasants were natural socialist because they divided their land periodically. Uprisings took place in other cities. Tsar Nicholas II ruled Russia and its empire in 1914. By the mid-nineteenth century in Europe, socialism was a well-known body of ideas that attracted widespread attention. Russia’s industries were badly affected by the war. Question 30. But it had denied the essential freedoms to its citizens and carried out its developmental projects through repressive policies. Question 26. (iv) The incident of Bloody Sunday made the situation worst. Answer: Question 11. In Khiva, in Central Asia, Bolshevik colonists brutally massacred local nationalists in the name of defending socialism. What were their political and social ideologies? What was Lenin’s contribution in the Russian Revolution? Question 2. This resulted in the breaking up of the Russian army. Distinguish between the ideas of liberals and radicals. Socialism is a political and economic theory of social organisation which advocates that means of production, distribution and exchange should be owned or regulated by the community as a whole. Peasants worked on the land, and the kolkhoz profit was shared. Answer: (ii) By 1916, railway lines began to break down. He was dead against the autocratic rule of the Tsar and wanted to topple his regime. Question 7. All these forces were worried at the growth of socialism in Russia. (i) Tsar’s Autocratic rule was not tolerable now. French Revolution,Socialism in Europe,Nazism and the rise of Hitler,Forest Society,Pastoralists in the modern world are the important topics in the Note. Question 16. 1 CBSE Class 12 History – Important Questions. Many were deported and exiled. He is considered the most influential socialist thinker to emerge in the nineteenth century. There were several reasons behind it: (i) The Bolsheviks were totally opposed to private property. Important questions, guess papers, most expected questions and best questions from 11th History have CBSE chapter wise important questions with solution for free download in PDF format. Question 22. In what ways was the working population in Russia different from other countries in Europe, before … Now he felt it was time for Soviets to take over power. From 1929, the Stalin forced all peasants to cultivate farms (kolkhoz). All political parties were illegal in Russia before 1914. The bulk of land and implements were transferred to the ownership of collective farms. This party struggled for peasants’ rights and demanded that land belonging to nobles be transferred to peasants. So, ace up your preparation with MCQ of Chapter 3 History Objective Questions. Who were radicals? Pro-government troops were sent to take over telephone and telegraph offices and protect the Winter Palace. Robert Owen, a leading English manufacturer and Louis Blanc in France were in favour of these ideas. CBSE Important Questions for Class 9 Science play an important role in students preparation. Answer: The Duma: Class 9 Social Science Chapter - Wise Marks Weightage. In the context of Russia, which group was the supporter of women’s Suffragette Movements? He was dead against the autocratic rule of the Tsar and wanted to topple his regime. There had been exceptional frost and heavy snow. Karnataka SSLC Class 10 Social Science History Important Questions Chapter 2 The Extension of … They were not against the existence of private property, but dislike concentration of property in the hands of a few. On the basis they made the Five Year Plans. After September 1914 the front remained relatively unchanged until the end of the war in 1918. Answer: To coordinate their efforts, socialists formed an international body which came to be known as the Second International. Thus, Lenin played an important role in the Russian Revolution. Dec 18, 2020 - Important Questions : Nazism and the Rise of Hitler, Class 9 | EduRev Notes is made by best teachers of Class 9. Contents. The liberals looked to change society. It gives an idea of what types of questions can be framed in the examination. (iii) Some received education in the USSR’s Communist University of the Workers of the East. What was suffragette movement? Socialists argued that individuals own the property that gave employment but the men with property were concerned only with personal gain and not with the welfare of those who made the property productive. Capitalists owned the capital invested in factories, and the profit of capitalists was produced by workers. Ans: There are a total of 15 chapters in CBSE Class 9 Science syllabus. What was the majority religion of Russia at that time? Its industries and agriculture had developed and the poor were living a satisfactory life. Answer: In that society more attention would be paid to collective social interests. Prices of essential commodities rose so quickly that real wages declined by 20 per cent. Answer: Question 2. Scroll down for Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution from NCERT Book Class 9 History Book & important study material. Also after the chapter, you can get links to Class 9 History Notes, NCERT Solutions, Important Question, Practice Papers etc. The condition of workers in Russia was deplorable. Besides the territory around Moscow, the Russian empire included current day Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia, parts of Poland, Ukraine and Belarus. Many non-Russians from outside the USSR participated in the conference of the peoples of the East (1920) and the Bolshevik founded Comintern which was an international union of pro-Bolshevik socialist parties. (i) In the west, armies fought from trenches stretched along eastern France. Answer: (i) Stalin headed the Bolshevik Party after the death of Lenin in 1924. He also argued that the Bolshevik Party rename itself the Communist Party to indicate its new radical aims. The Bolsheviks were totally opposed to private property. The Tsar was an inefficient and corrupt ruler. What was the secret police in Russia called? They saw private property as the root of all social evils of the time. The winter was very cold. The group of people who wanted to change the society thoroughly were called radicals. The date of event was kept a secret. Answer: Question 16. Students can download Class 10 History Chapter 2 The Extension of the British Rule Important Questions, KSEEB SSLC Class 10 Social Science Important Questions and Answers helps you to revise the complete Karnataka State Board Syllabus and score more marks in your examinations. Question 31. Question 17. Lenin and his supporters had opposed the war since 1914. NCERT Class 9 History Chapter 1 Extra Questions and Answers The French Revolution. CBSE Class 9 History Chapter 2 Worksheet with Answers by History Teacher. Question 1. Class 9 Science Chapter 2 Extra Questions contains all long and short answers questions with solutions and explanations. They opposed the privileges of great land owners and wealthy factory owners. On 2nd March, the Tsar abdicated and Soviet leaders and Duma leaders formed a provisional government to run the country. His efforts helped bring about the independent and unified Italy, in place of several separate states. Answer: Radicals. Question 4. Or Stalin introduced this system to overcome the food crisis which was rampant in the country at that time and to increase peasant labour productivity. There was acute employment problem among the workers. Able-bodied men were called up to the war. They were in favour of privileges of great land owners and wealthy factory owners. Question 2. It was a movement to give women the right to vote. Who was Lenin? Radicals wanted a nation in which government was based on the majority of a country’s population. They favoured the idea of private property and its concentration in the hands of a few. Question 1. So, when he came to power, he declared that the war be brought to a close. Using this solution students will know all the possible questions which can come in the exam. Lenin and the Bolsheviks had opposed the war since 1914. Answer: The eastern front was longer and so lower troop concentrations. This caused acute food crisis in the country. What was the Second International? Question 17. The secret police punished those who criticised the Bolsheviks. Download NCERT Books 2020-2021 for offline use or use as it is without downloading online. How did peasants react to this policy? Thus, on one hand, the party stood for socialism and for change and so many welcomed it but on the other hand, the party encouraged censorship which disillusioned many. Answer: Answer: Making a Socialist Society. But there was unity among them. What was the Petrograd Soviet? Encouraged by it, Communist parties began to be formed in many countries like the Communist Party of Great Britain. Soldiers, mostly peasants, wished to go home for redistribution and deserted the army. A large number of people were forced to make false confessions under torture and were executed. Question 19. ways: Mention the effects of this incident. Who were liberals? The bulk of land and implements were transferred to the ownership of collective farm. Describe the economic condition of Russia before 1905. myCBSEguide has just released Chapter Wise Question Answers for class 8 Social Science. How were peasants treated who resisted his programme? How far was it successful? Important Questions for Class 12 History Chapter 2 – 8 Marks Questions. They campaigned to end the poor state of affairs in their country. As a result, there were labour shortages and small workshops producing essentials were shut down. Name the two European alliances between which occurred the First World War. Thus the Duma was reentered right from the start, and people knew it. (iii) Large suppliers of grain were sent to feed the army. By the 1870s, socialist ideas spread through Europe. Our History experts give you accurate answers to questions for all these … Petrograd had brought down the monarchy and gained an important place in the history of Soviet Union. Socialism encourages cooperatives which are associations of people who produces goods together and divide the profit according to the work done by members. The NCERT Solutions to the questions after every unit of NCERT textbooks aimed at helping students solving difficult questions. Answer: They opened up their minds to the need for change. And Long Type Questions. (ii) His April Theses consisted of three demands i.e. Question 3. These peasants were severely punished. These will provide you with a rough idea about what type of questions you may come across in the exam and from which chapter. In Germany, these associations worked closely with the Social Democratic Party (SPD) and helped it win parliamentary seats. Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution Class 9 MCQs Questions with Answers. Answer: Russia became a one-party state. Others had settled in cities permanently. Important questions for Class 9 Maths Chapter 2 named Polynomials help the students to prepare for the Class 9 Mathematics Examination. The radicals wanted a nation in which government was based on the majority of a country’s population. What different visions of the future had socialists? They were backed by French, American, British and Japanese troops. They formed the Assembly of Russian workers whose membership rose dramatically. Which incident sparked the French Revolution? What was the Duma? Socialist wanted this change and campaigned for it. (v) There occur a civil war between these troops and the Bolsheviks as a result of which looting, banditry and famine became common. But Stalin’s collectiviasation programme did not bring the desired results. Who were influential in the Provisional Government? (ii) Stalin continued the policy of nationalisation initiated by Lenin. Universities closed down when student bodies staged walkouts, complaining about the lack of civil liberties. Many people criticised the confusion in industrial production under the Planned Economy and the consequences of collectivisation Stalin and his sympathisers charged these critics with conspiracy against socialisation. Answer: Question 19. Answer: What aggravated workers’ condition in February 1917? The Bolsheviks kept industries and banks nationalised during the civil … Nazism and the Rise of Hitler Class 9 MCQs Questions with Answers. Answer: Defeats were shocking and demoralising. There was heavy fighting especially in Moscow. Answer: Question 1. All political parties were illegal in Russia before 1914. They could go on a strike when they disagreed with employers about dismissals or work conditions. So, when they came to power, they began working in this direction. Many people in the Bolshevik Party were initially surprised by the April theses. Answer: By practicing Class 9 History Chapter 2 MCQ with Answers, you can score well in the exam. Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels added other ideas to this body of arguments. Which incident came to be known as ‘Bloody Sunday’? The procession of workers led by Father Gapon reached the Winter Palace. Lenin was the leader of the radical socialist Bolshevik movement that toppled the Tsarist regime in 1917 and head of the first government of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR). Some were poor while others were rich. They demanded a reduction of working hours and the right to vote. Give a brief description of the Russian empire that existed in 1914. These chapter-wise CBSE Class 7 History Important Questions can help the students to revise the entire concepts of the subject and score well in the exam. Workers had to overthrow capitalism and the rule of private property. Answer: Question 20. The Russia Social Democratic Workers Party was founded in 1898 by socialists who were inspired by Marx’s ideas. The Military Revolutionary Committee acted swiftly. But in each country the ideas of socialism were rethought in a number of ways. Russian army lost badly in Germany and Austria between 1914 and 1916. A. How did socialists’ visions of the future differ from one another? They supported women’s suffragette movement. (iii) Non-Bolshevik socialists, liberals and supporters of autocracy condemned the Bolshevik uprising. This document is highly rated by Class 9 … He was exiled for taking part in the 1905 Revolution. What were its consequences? How did industrialisation change the lives of people in Europe? Answer: Question 7. Question 4. After centralised planning was introduced in Russia, industrial production increased and new factories came into being. How you say that liberals were not democrats? As per your CBSE Class 9 syllabus, the India and the Contemporary World-1 (History) unit in Social Science covers topics such as Nazism, French Revolution, Colonialism and Social Revolution. Why were socialists active in the countryside in Russia through the late nineteenth century? Socialism in Europe and the Russia Revolution Class 9 Extra Questions Very Short Answer Type Questions. Military commanders advised the Tsar to abdicate. Army officials, landowners and industrialists were influential in the Provisional Government. How were Russian industries badly affected by the First World War? Answer: Answer: Class 8 History Chapter 2 Question Answers CBSE Solutions for Class 8 Social Science History Chapter 2 From Trade to Territory is given below updated for session 2020-21. Question 4. They wanted a nation which tolerated all religions. Question 2. Or (ii) Other socialist felt that cooperatives could not be built on a wide scale only through individual initiative. As they retreated, the Russian army destroyed crops and buildings to prevent the enemy from being able to live off the land. The party was divided over the strategy of organisation. They formed the Socialist Revolutionary Party in 1900. A Military Revolutionary Committee was appointed by the Soviet to organise the seizure. Question 2. The Tsar began to lose popular support because he didn’t sense the gravity of the situation. Answer: Question 3. Answer: Question 7. 11th History chapter have many topics. Answer: He also argued that the Bolshevik Party rename itself the Communist Party to indicate its new radical aims. What was the biggest drawback of the liberals? His efforts brought down the Tsarist regime in Russia and freed people from his (Tsar’s) corruption. Answer: Or But as they were not a united group, they were not considered to be part of a socialist movement started by Lenin . Answer: Question 1. In the beginning it promised that it would be a representative assembly and that its approval would be necessary for the enactment of legislation. More attention is paid to collective social interests. (i) One of the groups that looked to change society in the nineteenth century were the liberals. They argued for a representative, elected parliamentary government, a subject to laws interpreted by a well-trained judiciary that was independent of rulers and officials. The Russian peasants formed the Socialist Revolutionary Party in 1900, This party struggled for peasants’ rights and demanded that land belonging to nobles be transferred to peasants. His poor advices made the autocracy highly unpopular. He wanted workers to construct a radically socialist society where all property was socially controlled. Russia was losing the war at all fronts. A communist society was the natural society of the future. Answer: By January 1920, the Bolsheviks succeeded in controlling most of the former Russian empire. They also opposed the uncontrolled power of dynastic rulers. How did Karl Marx view capitalists? Question 5. Question 1. The Mensheviks represented a minority group under the leadership of Alexander Kerenskii. Coal production doubled and iron and steel output quadrupled. Even conservatives changed their outlook after the French Revolution. (iii) Over the next few days thousands of workers in St. Petersburg went on strike demanding a reduction in the working day to eight hours, an increase in wages and improvement in working conditions. What were the drawbacks of the government in USSR that began to be highlighted in the 1950s? By 1905, socialists and trade unionists formed a Labour Party in Britain and a Socialist Party in France. Question 3. (iv) During 1918 and 1919, Socialist revolutionaries (the queens) and Pro-Tsarists (the whites) controlled most of the Russian Empire. Question 1. Socialists’ aversion for private property was highlighted. Chapter 2 History Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution Extra Questions will help you to Answer all MCQ Questions (Quiz). 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