It is a particular problem in corn and soybean files in the eastern and midwestern U.S., costing hundreds of millions of dollars per year in control and damage. Synonyms (former Scientific Names): Abutilon abutilon . This is an erect summer annual that can grow to 7 feet in height. Abutilon theophrasti Velvetleaf, a regulated Class B noxious weed, is an annual that grows 3-8 feet tall in farms and disturbed areas, among other settings. Velvetleaf (Abutilon theophrasti ), otherwise known as buttonweed, is a South Asian plant that is part of the Malvaceae family.It is an annual plant that grows up to two meters high. Abutilon theophrasti is a herbaceous annual plant producing a jute-like fiber. buttonweed. The leaves contain 0.01% rutin and are used as a demulcent. Velvetleaf (Abutilon theophrasti Medicus. Velvetleaf, Abutilon theophrasti, is a common weed in agricultural fields, but also occurs in gardens and in disturbed sites, such as along roadsides and beside railroad tracks, throughout much of the U.S., and parts of Wisconsin. Abutilon avicennae . Habit. It not only sucks out large quantities of water and nutrients from the soil, but also contains chemicals that inhibit germination and growth of other plants, allowing it to form dense monocultures. #3 ABUTH), a large, vigorously competitive plant, produces thousands of long-lived seeds. Publication Author Usher. Abutilon theophrasti is an erect, annual plant with stems that can be unbranched or branched above, and that become somewhat woody at the base; it can grow 40 - 150cm tall, occasionally to 250cm 266 Title Because of its association with jute in mixtures and export, it is also called China jute. G. Publisher Constable Year 1974 ISBN 0094579202 Description Forget the sexist title, this is one of the best books on the subject. The plant is native to China and is commercially grown in China and the former Soviet Union. Abutilon theophrasti (Velvet Leaf) Plant Info; Also known as: ... save for the use of modern herbicides. Emergence: Velvetleaf starts emerging early in the spring, between 150 and 300 GDD (base 48 F); 25% emergence by 250 GDD (base 50 F). Velvetleaf Abutilon theophrasti Mallow family (Mallow family) Description: This plant is a summer annual about 2-7' tall that branches occasionally. The plant grows to a height of 3–6 in with a stem diameter of 6–16 mm. pie-maker. Leaves. It has a taproot; a stout stem with soft hairs; alternate, round or heart-shaped leaves; and 3/4-inch-wide, yellow to orange flowers with five petals. Velvetleaf (Abutilon theophrasti Medicus)Life cycle: Summer annual. Lists a very extensive range of useful plants from around the world with very brief details of the uses… Emerges in the spring sets seed in late summer/fall and dies. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man. The leaves, which have a heart-shaped appearance, are edible and are often used in Asian dishes such as stir-fries. Its hard-coated seeds germinate throughout the warm season, making control difficult. Herb: China Jute Latin name: Abutilon theophrasti Synonyms: Abutilon avicennae, Sida abutilon Family: Malvaceae (Mallow Family) Medicinal use of China Jute: Ophthalmic. The alternate leaves are up to 8" long and across (excluding the petioles). The alternate leaves are hairy and heart-shaped, and they grow 2 to 6 inches in length. The stems are terete (circular in cross-section), and pubescent. Used in the treatment of dysentery and opacity of the cornea. Abutilon theophrasti ← → Other Common Names: buttonweed. 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