[2] That process can lead to pain, loose body formation and joint effusion.[1]  Osteochondritis dissecans is an idiopathic disease which affects the subchondral bone and its overlying articular cartilage due to loss of blood flow. Patient- and lesion-specific factors must be identified when evaluating a patient with an articular cartilage defect. In the management of large cartilage defects, the two classically utilized cartilage restoration procedures are osteochondral allograft (OCA) transplantation and cell therapy, or autologous chondrocyte implantation (ACI). Osteochondral injury staging system for MRI attempts to grade the stability and severity of osteochondral injury and is used to plan management.. stage I. injury limited to articular cartilage; MRI findings: subchondral edema; x-ray findings: none; stage II. When filling osteochondral defects in the knee, surgeons have a list of treatment options to choose from and more options are in the works. Treatment. Regardless, each osteochondritis dissecans lesion must be followed until osseous integration is confirmed by imaging -otherwise, progression of disease to osteoarthritis is likely.” Within the ankle, these lesions often occur on the talus, which is the bone that joins the foot and the leg together. Trauma, osteochondritis dissecans, osteonecrosis, osteochondroses, and hereditary epiphyseal abnormalities can cause osteochondral lesions in the knee joint.25, 61, 62, 72 When an osteochondral defect persists in a weightbearing portion of the knee joint, degenerative arthritis of that compartment can result. An osteochondral lesion may also be known as an osteochondral defect. Treatments. This allows us to treat the bone defect without affecting the cartilage. Treatment depends upon the size of the osteochondral defect and the condition of the overlying cartilage. In children whose bones are still growing, the bone defect may heal with a period of rest and protection. For small-sized defects with intact cartilage, our treatment of choice is Retrograde Drilling of the lesion and filling it with a special bone cement. Nonsurgical management is appropriate in … Treatment may include activity modification, drilling, fixation, or osteochondral replacement of osteochondritis dissecans lesions in the knee. Introduction. [1] This may result in separation and instability of a segment of cartilage and free movement of these osteochondral fragments within the joint space. Multiple treatment options are available for both traumatic osteochondral injuries and OCD lesions, with important determining factors of treatment being skeletal maturity of the patient, instability of the fragment, lesion location, and size of the lesion. An Osteochondral lesion is diagnosed through a physical examination, and radiographic or MRI studies. cartilage injury with associated subchondral fracture but without detachment Treatment of osteochondritis dissecans is intended to restore the normal functioning of the affected joint and relieve pain, as well as reduce the risk of osteoarthritis. Therapy It occurs when a small segment of bone begins to crack and separate from its surrounding region due to a lack of blood supply. Osteochondral fracture of the lateral femoral condyle is a rare injury of the knee joint, which mostly occurs in adolescence 1.In adolescence, the cartilage‐bone interface is the weakest transitional area in the knee joint, and there is no obvious boundary between calcified and uncalcified cartilage 2.The biomechanical strength of immature osteochondral junction was lower … No single treatment works for everybody. 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