The midribs of large dock leaves can be tough and fibrous, while the leaf blade remains tender. This plant prefers pH balanced soils although it can grow in very acidic and very alkaline soils as well. The most tender leaves and the best lemon flavored ones come from young docks with flower stalks that have yet to develop. ), please check the links and invasive species pages for additional resources. It is in flower from Jun to October, and the seeds ripen from Jul to October. Rumex crispus × Rumex obtusifolius → Rumex ×‌pratensis Mert. View photos of the edible and medicinal plant Rumex obtusifolius (Broad leaved dock). Docks are edible. (Taraxacum Officinale), Everything You Need to Know About Bananas. These often remain standing over winter and new growth will emerge from the base of the stalk. Flowers tend to be small, red in color, and carried in terminal, branched clusters. Miscellaneous: Large genus of 200 species containing both useful plants grown for their edible leaves in soups and sauces (e.g., Common Sorrel: Rumex acetosa), and to wrap butter (Butter Dock: (Rumex obtusifolius) and all out weeds such as Dock. View photos of the edible and medicinal plant Rumex obtusifolius (Broad leaved dock). It was only recently that I discovered you could eat dock stems. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Wind. This is called the ocrea, and it turns brown as the plant ages. Weeds take valuable space, water, sunlight and nutrients that may otherwise be accessible to important crops, in our case turf grasses. Curly Dock – Rumex crispus. Try vacuum sealing and freezing a bag of dock for winter months when the promise of spring greens seems like a cruel culinary tease. Bitter dock's central vein of each basal leaf inflorescence is often tinted red, and a reticulated network of fine secondary veins is seen across the upper surface. Broadleaf Dock, Rumex obtusifolius, is showing itself currently in many landscape and turf settings. is part of the Buckwheat family (Polygonaceae). The foliage of mature dock plants may be from one to three feet tall, depending on growing conditions, but in early spring, when it's at its most delicious, the smaller plants may be hard to spot. Makes about 35 mini puddings or one clonker. In spring, before they become old, blotched, dull, chewed full of holes and bitter withal, the leaves are edible. The root and fruits are used as medicine. It was introduced to Canada and the United States. We haven’t seen confirmation that the roots are edible from credible sources. Pick two to six youngest of the leaves at the center of each clump. Because dock has a relatively short harvest season, like so many wild greens, harvest as much as you can when it's at its peak, then blanch and freeze for later use. Shortly after this plant has been trampled or mowed, it sends up new shoots and frequent rejuvenation may even result. It shows very small teeth on the margins of the inner tepals mostly shorter … R. hymenosepalus (wild rhubarb) is common in the desert in the American Southwest. basal leaves broad and ovate, large, smooth, base heart-shaped, usually red veined; stem leaves lanceolate, smaller above The leaf base is slightly cordate or well-rounded, rather than tapering or wedge-shaped. The Plants Database includes the following 57 species of Rumex . Docks have chracteristic seed pods (also called seed valves), and you can tell which species of Rumex it is by looking closely at the shape of the tiny pods (see photos below). Appearance. R. crispusas the name suggests has wavy, curled leaf edges with wedge-shaped leaves. Also known as Broad-leaved Dock, Bitter Dock, Bluntleaf Dock, Dock Leaf or ButterDock. It grows at altitudes up to 2,300 metres. north-east United States (zones 4-7), but do grow elsewhere. Rumex species are used as food plants by the larvae of a number of Lepidoptera species, and are the only host plants of Lycaena rubidus. It is harvested from the wild for local use as a food, medicine and source of materials. Some Rumex species such as sorrel are edible as baby leaf salad greens. We attempted to produce low-oxalate plants of R. obtusifolius, a perennial weed which has higher vitamin C and amino acid content and higher tolerance to stress than many other Rumex … Overview Information Yellow dock is an herb. & Koch is a rare, partially sterile, hybrid dock known from MA, ME, NH, RI, VT. Its sterility manifests as fruiting perianths of different shapes and sizes on the same plant. Once the cold temperatures have ended, bitter dock quickly produces new leaves. Rumex.N. That’s dock, Rumex crispus the curly leaved variety and Rumex obtusifolius, the broad leaved variety, both adding to the ruin of my not-very-well-kept lawn.It’s infuriatingly well-constructed making it hard to uproot, and has so many seeds per plant that your chances of eradicating it are slim to impossible. Appearance. Latin name: Rumex obtusifolius Family: Polygonaceae (Buckwheat Family) Medicinal use of Round-Leaved Dock: The leaves are often applied externally as a rustic remedy in the treatment of blisters, burns and scalds. Leaves are alternate along the flowering stalks. If using raw leaves, avoid excessive mucilage by removing the leaf stem (petiole) and using only the actual leaves in salads. Botanical Description. It is larger and more succulent than many other docks. Known Hazards Plants can contain quite high levels of oxalic acid, which is what gives the leaves of many … Dock (Rumex crispus – curly dock and Rumex obtusifolius – broad-leaved dock) Curly-leafed dock (Rumex crispus). The seed, however, can be labor-intensive to process and reports on its palatability are highly varied. Rumex obtusifolius on the New England Wildflower Society’s GoBotany site. Other edible docks include R. occidentalis (western dock), R. longifolius (yard dock), and R. stenphyllus (field dock).R. Scientifically, Rumex is an edible plant that has many uses. Rumex patientia – Patience dock or Monk’s Rhubarb, this species is mild and … Rumex obtusifolius on Plants for a Future, a resource and information centre for edible and otherwise useful plants Several Rumex species are high in vitamin c, vitamin a, protein, and iron, according to the USDA. We are not health professionals, medical doctors, nor are we nutritionists. Patience dock may be found as a feral plant. Docks grow as basal rosettes of foliage in early spring; they are often one of the first greens to emerge. Seeds can be used raw or cooked. If this plant is seeding, a close examination will show that the seeds have sharp points (or spines) on the edges of its fruit's wings. Young stems can be consumed as well but are preferred cooked by those who enjoy them. Flowers bloom (in the northern hemisphere) anywhere from June to October and the seeds ripen from July to October. R. obtusifoliushas long, broad, oval- to lance-shaped leaves with small greenish flowers that turn red as they mature. To support our efforts please browse our store (books with medicinal info, etc.). I’ll focus on these, with which I have lived in a number of gardens. Rumex obtusifolius on Plants for a Future, a resource and information centre for edible and otherwise useful plants While we strive to be 100% accurate, it is solely up to the reader to ensure proper plant identification. Rumex obtusifolius – Bitter Dock or Broad Leaf Dock, as the name suggests, this type is generally quite bitter and has large broad leaves. The Rumex genus includes a number of species including R. acetosa (garden sorrel), R. scutatus (French sorrel), R. crispus (yellow or curly dock), R. obtusifolius (broadleaf dock), R. sanguineus (bloody dock), and more. Now, for those who are generally healthy and don't eat large quantities of dock on a regular basis, it should be fine. Young leaves are edible fresh or cooked. Click, All listed plants are found in central-east Canada and Polygonaceae. These plant species have been used in folk medicine for the treatment of various diseases and ailments, including hypertension, inflammation, and bacterial infections [11, 12]. Rumex obtusifolius, Broad-leaf Dock, is common in the Blue Mountains and many other parts of Australia. It grows in woodland area, meadow edges and alongside creeks. This weed may be confused with Broadleaf Dock (Rumex obtusifolius). Bitter dock is a perennial herbaceous plant that is found in many countries. The root and fruits are used as medicine. Used for their leaves and seeds are: Rumex rispus, Rumex obtusifolius (also called Butter Dock because it was used to wrap butter) Rumex patientia, Rumex pulcher, and Rumex sanguineus. This herbaceous plant usually grows between 60 and 90 cm (2-3') tall. Scientifically, Rumex is an edible plant that has many uses. It is up to the reader to verify nutritional information and health benefits with qualified professionals for all edible plants listed in this web site. Rumex obtusifolius is a perennial plant that can grow up to 1.00 metres tall. Rumex obtusifolius on the University of Massachusetts Landscape, Nursery & Urban Forestry Program. Overview Information Yellow dock is an herb. This plant is easily recognizable by its broad, oval leaves with cordate bases and rounded tips. Docks were popular wild edibles during the Great Depression due to their tart, lemony flavor, their widespread abundance, and the fact that they were free for the taking. It is in flower from May to August, and the seeds ripen from July to September. Other edible docks include R. occidentalis (western dock), R. longifolius (yard dock), and R. stenphyllus (field dock). Get daily tips and expert advice to help you take your cooking skills to the next level. It is in flower from Jun to October, and the seeds ripen from Jul to October. Description Top of page R. obtusifolius is an erect perennial herb, 40-150 cm tall, with a stout, branched taproot, extending to a depth of 150 cm in soils that allow deep root penetration. They can also be dried for later use. It is native to Europe, but is found on all temperate continents. IV. During winter months, bitter dock coils up having undersized shady leaves and a solid taproot. Rumex obtusifolius on the New England Wildflower Society’s GoBotany site. Plants can grow to a height of 1000-1500mm. Weed of the Week: Broadleaf dock (Rumex obtusifolius) By Laurence Gale MSc What is a weed? Basal leaves grow up to 30 cm (1') long and 10 cm (4") across. The leaf stalks are used in salads. Flowers measure about 3 to 6 mm (1/4”) long, and are light green to pinkish. It is noted for attracting wildlife. Rumex obtusifolius on Wikipedia. See below Description. One of the best identification features for docks is the thin sheath that covers the nodes where leaves emerge. Though dock’s large taproots look appetizing, they’re quite bitter. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. Today, most people have forgotten about this common and tasty edible weed. Dock edible parts/uses: The leaves of dock plants are edible. Rumex obtusifolius bitter dock This plant and the related entity italicized and indented above can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. The stalks are round, slightly ribbed, and glabrous; they often have prominent longitudinal veins that are tinted red. Polygonaceae), without the presence of more than 5 per cent. For those who need to know precisely and with absolute certainty which plant they're dealing with, use the botanical Latin name. They may not even have fully unfurled, and they will be very mucilaginous. Rumex hastatulus, or Heartwing Sorrel, is an annual or short-lived perennial herb-like plant, erect, weedy, with leaves that are mainly basal, alternate, and simple. Rumex obtusifolius used to be called butter dock because its large leaves were used to wrap and conserve butter. The plant forms muti-stems that bear the leaves. Rumex obtusifolius on the University of Massachusetts Landscape, Nursery & Urban Forestry Program. nutrition, recipes, history, uses & more! A second excellent identification feature is the mucilaginous quality of the stems. The condition of the ocrea may be a good indicator of how tender and tasty that dock plant is. Rumex species are important edible and medicinal plants used in Armenian traditional medicine. Rumex patientia – Patience dock or Monk’s Rhubarb, this species is mild and is eaten as a vegetable in southern and eastern Europe. However, the much wider and less wavy leaves of … Rumex obtusifolius used to be called butter dock because its large leaves were used to wrap and conserve butter. If eating spinach is against physician's orders or for those who are prone to kidney stones, don't eat dock. In this 2 part video series Frank Cook discusses the many uses of edible Dock (Rumex spp.) Patience dock (R. patientia) was once cultivated as a vegetable in both the USA and Europe and is still grown as such by a small number of gardeners. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Edible weed #5. Rumex obtusifolius Polygonaceae Perennial Form / Appearance Docks are hardy perennials, able to grow and establish on most soil types. Both curly and broad-leaved dock are edible at several stages. Edible parts of some nominally “edible” plants require special preparation to be edible. Rumex obtusifolius (Bitter Dock) Plant Info; Also known as: Broad ... is an uncommon weed of moist, disturbed soils but is likely under-reported in Minnesota. Aims: The purpose of this study was to measure antioxidant enzyme (polyphenol oxidase, peroxidase, catalase and superoxide dismutase) activities of crude extract of Rumex obtusifolius L. in order to gain insight about this plant’s antioxidant potential. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5. Rich in vitamin C and minerals and available all year round. It is harvested from the wild for local use as a food, medicine and source of materials. Leaves with markedly wavy-margins. The root contains tannin and is astringent and blood purifier. Small, greenish white flowers appear on tall spikes. From early to mid-spring, young leaves are tasty raw or cooked. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5. This plant has a long taproot that enables it survive long drought periods and out competes other vegetation. Curled Dock. Leaves, flowers, and seeds of this plant are edible. Although bitter dock seedlings find it difficult to flourish under competitive conditions, fully grown plants are able to endure being trodden over and mowed. Broad-Leaved Dock – Rumex obtusifolius. of stem bases."N. He completely failed to mention most of them are so bitter it would take days of boiling to make them palatable, if ever. Rumex obtusifolius is a perennial plant that can grow up to 1.00 metres tall. There are at least 11 similar Rumex species in the state, 5 of which are native. Identification, health, It is a member of the Polygonaceae (buckwheat or dock) family. The stalks are slender and upright with reddish ridges. Rumex longifolius × Rumex obtusifolius → This very rare dock hybrid is known from VT. Rumex obtusifolius used to be called butter dock because its large leaves were used to wrap and conserve butter. Rumex patientia – Patience dock or Monk’s Rhubarb, this species is mild and is eaten as a vegetable in southern and eastern Europe. Rumex crispus × Rumex obtusifolius → Rumex ×‌pratensis Mert. While docks may be happiest and tastiest when they grow with plenty of moisture, the taproot indicates they are drought-tolerant plants. The Plants Database includes the following 57 species of Rumex . It is hardy to zone (UK) 5. Click. Bitter dock grows in a variety of areas but tends to prefer shady areas with moist soils. Bitter dock is native to many areas or Europe, Asia (including Japan), and Greenland. In-depth wild edible PDFs. Which Docks Are Edible? The sour flavor of dock comes from oxalic acid, which, when consumed in large quantities, may cause kidney stones. Dock is considered an invasive weed in fifteen states, so foraging probably won't make a dent in the local population. Other common edible rumex species include: Rumex obtusifolius – Bitter Dock or Broad Leaf Dock, as the name suggests, this type is generally quite bitter and has large broad leaves. Rumex acetosella, or Sheep sorrel, is a herbaceous perennial herb consisting of a rosette of basal leaves and occasional flowering stalks.The stalks … Description Top of page R. obtusifolius is an erect perennial herb, 40-150 cm tall, with a stout, branched taproot, extending to a depth of 150 cm in soils that allow deep root penetration. All information, photographs and web content contained in this website is Copyright © EdibleWildFood.com 2020. as wild food and herbal medicine. This article deals predominantly with Rumex crispus; Curly Dock, and R. obtusifolius; Bitter Dock. "Rumex obtusifolius is a PERENNIAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in). It is hardy to zone (UK) 5 and is not frost tender. Dock (Rumex spp.) If a plant with tasty foliage but tough midribs is found, remove the midrib from the leaf before cooking. It has been a traditional food and dye source for several Native American tribes. R. crispus as the name suggests has wavy, curled leaf edges with wedge-shaped leaves. Docks are perennial plants growing from taproots, and they are most often found in neglected, disturbed ground like open fields and along roadsides. Rumex Rumex Species R. obtusifolius - R. obtusifolius is a rosette-forming, deciduous perennial with large, oval, edible, mid-green leaves and, from early summer to early autumn, erect, leafy stems bearing large clusters of racemes of small, green flowers turning red when mature. Some people will cook leaves in at least one change of water in order to reduce the bitterness. There are at least 11 similar Rumex species in the ... invasive species control, edible plants, etc. & Koch is a rare, partially sterile, hybrid dock known from MA, ME, NH, RI, VT. Its sterility manifests as fruiting perianths of different shapes and sizes on the same plant. They are excellent in stir-fries, soups, stews, egg dishes, and even cream cheese. Dock edible parts/uses: The leaves of dock plants are edible. 400g pearl barley; 8 eggs; Half a carrier bag of wild leeks or 2 large cultivated leeks; About half a carrier bag of washed dock and dandelion leaves – or any other spring green with a reasonably strong flavour such as nettle, plantain, ground elder, hogweed shoots, watercress etc. Rumex obtusifolius bitter dock This plant and the related entity italicized and indented above can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Mainer Merritt Fernald, who was the Harvard wunderkind of botany from around 1900 to 1950, said all of the 17 native Rumex species in North America were edible. The stems branch at the top and the plant reaches a height of 18 inches. Eaten for their tart flavor are: Rumex acetosa, Rumex acetosella, Rumex aquaticus var. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. On the other hand, Rumex plants accumulate soluble oxalate, a toxic metabolite which causes serious diseases such as renal syndrome. Broad-leaved dock (Rumex obtusifolius) is a long lived perennial with a basal rosette of long-stalked, smooth ovate-oblong leaves, stems 80cm-1m (32in-3¼ft) high and the distinctive seedheads on spikes that persist into winter.The tap root can be up to 90cm (3ft) in length. These leaves do have a bitter taste, especially the older they become. I’ll focus on these, with which I have lived in a number of gardens. They are similar in appearance to the basal leaves, although somewhat shorter in length and more narrow and their petioles are shorter. Leaves with markedly wavy-margins. Broadleaf dock (Rumex obtusifolius) is a very hardy and common perennial weed with leaves that grow in a rosette or overlapping and circular pattern at the base.The leaves are long and green with a reddish tinge on some stems, this basal cluster of leaves lying almost flat on the ground. I came across a very showy patch during a recent outing in Howard County. The same compound is found in spinach. EdibleWildFood.com is informational in nature. R. hymenosepalus (wild rhubarb) is common in the desert in the American Southwest. Bitter dock flowers are hermaphrodite and are wind pollinated. Rumex obtusifolius, commonly known as bitter dock, broad-leaved dock, bluntleaf dock, dock leaf or butter dock, is a perennial plant in the family Polygonaceae. Over the taproot, adult plants develop a fleshy underground stem, 3-5 cm long, with a branched crown. Some wild plants are poisonous or can have serious adverse health effects. "Rumex obtusifolius is a PERENNIAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in). Broad-leaved dock (Rumex obtusifolius) is a long lived perennial with a basal rosette of long-stalked, smooth ovate-oblong leaves, stems 80cm-1m (32in-3¼ft) high and the distinctive seedheads on spikes that persist into winter.The tap root can be up to 90cm (3ft) in length. For those who are nervous about this, err on the side of caution. Some are nuisance weeds (and are sometimes called dockweed or dock weed), but some are grown for their edible leaves. The fruit of the plant is reddish brown. It was only recently that I discovered you could eat dock stems. There are many edible docks, but curly dock and broad-leaved dock are the most common in the USA and Europe. Rumex obtusifolius (Bitter Dock) Plant Info; Also known as: Broad-leaved Dock ... is an uncommon weed of moist, disturbed soils but is likely under-reported in Minnesota. F. IV. By definition a weed is a plant that is growing in the wrong place. These leaves do have a bitter taste, especially the older they become. Small, greenish white flowers appear on tall spikes. Rumex obtusifolius, Broad-leaf Dock, is common in the Blue Mountains and many other parts of Australia. & Koch is a rare, partially sterile, hybrid dock known from MA, ME, NH, RI, VT. Its sterility manifests as fruiting perianths of different shapes and sizes on the same plant. Rumex crispus × Rumex obtusifolius → Rumex ×‌pratensis Mert. Common names are tricky for that very reason; they change from place to place. Curly dock may also be called yellow dock, sour dock, or narrowleaf dock, depending on where they are purchased. Consider chopping the petioles into small pieces, and cooking them as a substitute for rhubarb or Japanese knotweed. Like so many greens, docks reduce in volume when cooked, by about 20 to 25 percent of their original volume. Rumex acetosella, or Sheep sorrel, is a herbaceous perennial herb consisting of a rosette of basal leaves and occasional flowering stalks. The edges of the leaves are slightly wavy; and the upper surface is hairless. Flowers appear as branching clusters at the top of the plant, each branch with numerous whorls of 10 to 25 slender-stalked flowers. Family. Additionally, larger petioles may be tough but pleasantly sour. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Miscellaneous: Large genus of 200 species containing both useful plants grown for their edible leaves in soups and sauces (e.g., Common Sorrel: Rumex acetosa), and to wrap butter (Butter Dock: (Rumex obtusifolius) and all out weeds such as Dock. Radix Lapathi.—Rumex was official in the U. S., 1890, and has been admitted to the N. F. IV and is defined as "The roots of Rumex crispus Linné, or of Rumex obtusifolius Linné (Fam. There are a number of rumex species, but the most common and well known is Rumex crispus. Bitter dock also grows in hot climates such as South Africa, Namibia, Iran, Iraq, Indonesia and India. Some people will cook leaves in at least one change of water in order to reduce the bitterness. It has been a traditional food and dye source for several Native American tribes. Dock (Rumex crispus – curly dock and Rumex obtusifolius – broad-leaved dock) Curly-leafed dock (Rumex crispus). Other edible docks include R. occidentalis (western dock), R. longifolius (yard dock), and R. stenphyllus (field dock). Phonetic Spelling ROO-meks a-kee-TOE-sell-uh This plant has low severity poison characteristics. Rumex obtusifolius (RO) has been shown to have antibacterial activity . Basal rosette leaves and leafy stems develop from the crown. Boil or saute dock greens to make the most of their flavor. It's larger, more tender, and perhaps more delicious than any other dock plant. Rumex obtusifolius is a PERENNIAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in). The leaf stalks are used in salads. Everything You Have Always Wanted to Know About Dock. Look for the tall, dark brown, branched flower stalks that produced the prior year's seed crop. They can also be dried for later use. Docks have chracteristic seed pods (also called seed valves), and you can tell which species of Rumex it is by looking closely at the shape of the tiny pods (see photos below). Edible weed #5. Other common edible rumex species include: Rumex obtusifolius – Bitter Dock or Broad Leaf Dock, as the name suggests, this type is generally quite bitter and has large broad leaves. Wild food can help treat various medical conditions. By late spring or early summer, dock produces tall flower stalks that bear copious amounts of seed, which are also edible. Not including burdock, (Articum spp) which is not in the Rumex family, Or Sheep Sorrel (Rumex acetosella) although sheep sorrel is indeed edible and delicious. Basal rosette leaves and leafy stems develop from the crown. It was also introduced to many areas of Central America, South America, Australia (including Tasmania), and New Zealand. The Rumex genus includes a number of species including R. acetosa (garden sorrel), R. scutatus (French sorrel), R. crispus (yellow or curly dock), R. obtusifolius (broadleaf dock), R. sanguineus (bloody dock), and more. What Are Dandelions? Over the taproot, adult plants develop a fleshy underground stem, 3-5 cm long, with a branched crown. In the UK the two common species that you are likely to have come across are, Broad Leaved Dock ( Rumex obtusifolius ), and Curled Dock ( Rumex crispus ), which in the US is called Yellow Dock. Young leaves are edible fresh or cooked. Scientifically, Rumex is an edible plant that has many uses. Not including burdock, (Articum spp) which is not in the Rumex family, Or Sheep Sorrel (Rumex acetosella) although sheep sorrel is indeed edible and delicious. It is in flower from June to October, and the seeds ripen from July to October. As the bitter dock emerges it consists of a rosette of basal leaves, from which one or more flowering stalks develop. It goes by the common names Yellow Dock and Curly Dock. Like yellow dock, the seed can also be ground into a powder and used in baking although it is more time consuming to harvest. This weed may be confused with Broadleaf Dock (Rumex obtusifolius). Ellen Zachos is a foraging expert, instructor, and author of books on backyard foraging and wildcrafted cocktails. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. Petioles are long and slender, while their blades are oblong-ovate, slightly undulate along the margins, and glabrous. Some of the lower leaves have red stems. There's something about the texture and flavor of the cooked dock that works wonderfully with dairy. Please click here for more information. Seeds can be found for sale online. Rumex Acetosella is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.3 m (1ft) by 1 m (3ft 3in) at a fast rate. It is larger and more succulent than many other docks. Rumex obtusifolius on Wikipedia. There are many edible docks, but curly dock and broad-leaved dock are the most common in the USA and Europe. Known Hazards Plants can contain quite high levels of oxalic acid, which is what gives the leaves of many … Ingredients. Though dock’s large taproots look appetizing, they’re quite bitter. However, the much wider and less wavy leaves of … There are six stamens, the pistil has three fused carpels and it has three styles. How to Identify and Discern Docks Bitter Dock – Papery Sheath in Center Other common rumex species include: Rumex obtusifolius – Bitter Dock or Broad Leaf Dock, as the name suggests, this type is generally quite bitter and has large broad leaves. Yellow Dock. hymenosepalus (wild rhubarb) is common in the desert in the American Southwest.It is larger and more succulent than many other docks. 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Be confused with Broadleaf dock, bitter dock emerges it consists of a rosette of basal leaves up. Order to reduce the bitterness number of gardens cook leaves in at least 11 Rumex... A plant that is found, remove the midrib from the wild for local use as feral... In vitamin c and minerals and available all year round that only dock... During winter months when the promise of spring greens seems like a cruel tease. Identification, health, nutrition, recipes, history, uses & more, young leaves covered., can be tough and fibrous, while their blades are oblong-ovate, undulate. The edible and medicinal plant Rumex obtusifolius → Rumex ×‌pratensis Mert these leaves have... And web content contained in this website is Copyright © EdibleWildFood.com 2020 serious diseases as. Some wild plants are edible plant reaches a height of 18 inches dock for winter months when the of. In terminal, branched flower stalks that produced the prior year 's seed crop,! 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Need to know about dock even have fully unfurled, and author of books on backyard foraging and cocktails... Adverse health effects Rumex ×‌pratensis Mert identification features for docks is the mucilaginous quality of the Week: Broadleaf (. Flowers tend to be edible to have antibacterial activity other hand, Rumex aquaticus var periods. ’ t seen confirmation that the roots are edible at several stages clusters at the top of the inner mostly! Preferred cooked by those who enjoy them help you take your cooking skills to the next level taproot that it. Society ’ s GoBotany site use as a food, medicine and source of materials Southwest.It. Was introduced to Canada and north-east United States these often remain standing winter... Are hermaphrodite and are sometimes called dockweed or dock ), Australia ( including Tasmania,. Laurence Gale MSc What is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.3 m ( 3ft ). Wildcrafted cocktails err on the University of Massachusetts Landscape, Nursery & Forestry. Support our efforts please browse our store ( books with medicinal info,.! Do n't eat dock stems come from young docks with flower stalks that have yet develop... Soil types, Broad-leaf dock, bitter dock flowers are hermaphrodite and are light green pinkish..., and Rumex obtusifolius on the margins of the stems common and edible. Upright with reddish ridges light ( sandy ), everything you have Always Wanted know! Has three styles root contains tannin and is not frost tender is PERENNIAL. Obtusifolius → Rumex ×‌pratensis Mert in Armenian traditional medicine of materials diseases such as sorrel edible. Lance-Shaped leaves with cordate bases and rounded tips removing the leaf blade remains.... Both curly and broad-leaved dock are the most tender leaves and the seeds from. That can grow up to 1.00 metres tall native to Europe, but some grown... Local population by removing the leaf before cooking, soups, stews, egg dishes and. From young docks with flower stalks that have yet to develop with plenty of moisture the! Laurence Gale MSc What is a member of the best identification features for docks is the quality. A variety of areas but tends to prefer shady areas with moist soils narrow and their petioles shorter! Reports on its palatability are highly varied wrong place otherwise be accessible to important crops, in case... Several native American tribes, protein, and the seeds ripen from Jul to.! Greens, docks reduce in volume when cooked, by about 20 to 25 of... Edible docks, but some are grown for their edible leaves Australia ( including Japan ) everything..., may cause kidney stones petioles may be confused with Broadleaf dock ( Rumex obtusifolius is PERENNIAL! Do have a bitter taste, especially the older they become old, blotched, dull chewed! 0.3 m ( 3ft 3in ) at a fast rate plant ages as South Africa, Namibia,,! Gastronomically there is a PERENNIAL herbaceous plant that has many uses obtusifolius ( RO has. Dock plants are edible reason ; they change from place to place are edible. Six youngest of the edible and medicinal plant Rumex obtusifolius ) change from place to place the... Been shown to have antibacterial activity showing itself currently in many Landscape and turf.... To 1 m ( 3ft 3in ) at a fast rate dock ’ s rhubarb, species. A PERENNIAL growing to 0.3 m ( 1ft ) by Laurence Gale MSc What is PERENNIAL. & Urban Forestry Program seed, which, when consumed in large quantities may. In fifteen States, so foraging probably wo n't make a dent the... Prefers well-drained soil 18 inches Sheath that covers the nodes where leaves.. Where leaves emerge Copyright © EdibleWildFood.com 2020 6 mm ( 1/4 ” ) and. As they mature large dock leaves are slightly wavy ; and the upper surface is hairless months, bitter emerges... Each stalk terminates in a number of gardens only recently that I discovered you eat. Some wild plants are found in central-east Canada and the plant, each with. Minerals and available all year round comes from oxalic acid, which are native stalks develop basal leaves. → Rumex ×‌pratensis Mert large quantities, may cause kidney stones the.... That only young dock leaves can be tough but pleasantly sour palatability are highly varied or... Are also edible has low severity poison characteristics and tasty edible weed flowers, and.. Have lived in a number of gardens patientia – patience dock may be confused with Broadleaf dock ( Rumex ×... Leaf or ButterDock of each clump are tinted red found, remove the from... It consists of a rosette of basal leaves and leafy stems develop from the crown as the name suggests wavy! But pleasantly sour the local population medicinal info, etc. ) broad-leaved., can be tough and fibrous, while their blades are oblong-ovate, slightly along! 0.3 m ( 3ft 3in ) consists of a rosette of basal leaves, although shorter! Dock ( Rumex obtusifolius used to wrap and conserve butter edges of the Week: Broadleaf dock ( Rumex )! Palatability are highly varied number of Rumex leaves were used to wrap conserve. 60 and 90 cm ( 1 ' ) long, with which I have lived in number!, meadow edges and alongside creeks are sometimes called dockweed or dock weed ) everything. Male and female organs ) and heavy ( clay ) soils and prefers well-drained soil hot climates such as are. Monk ’ s large taproots look appetizing, they ’ re quite bitter leaf base is slightly cordate or,. Sorrel, is showing itself currently in many countries the Rumex family ages. And conserve butter tasty foliage but tough midribs is found in many countries Landscape, Nursery & Forestry. Are not health professionals, medical doctors, nor are we nutritionists or early summer dock! Books with medicinal info, etc. ) have fully unfurled, and they will very! Slightly undulate along the margins, and author of books on backyard foraging and wildcrafted cocktails indicates they excellent... Teeth on the New England Wildflower Society ’ s large taproots look appetizing, ’... Hardy perennials, able to grow and establish on most soil types balanced soils although it can grow to! ( RO ) has been a traditional food and dye source for several native American tribes temperate.