Easy-Care Evergreen + Pops of Vibrant Color Why Oregon Grape Holly Shrubs? Most often, these shrubs require a male and a female plant to produce berries on the female plants. They tolerate hot temperatures but sustain winter damage in areas colder than USDA plant hardiness zone 6. The Holly shrub, botanically known as Ilex, is a genus comprising of about 400 species. That said, they respond well to it. Special Features: Winter hardy to low temperatures. They are also found in parts of Asia and Africa. The dark green, leathery leaves grow over 3 inches long and are fringed with small spines. This plant enjoys moist soil, though it is drought-tolerant once established. Furthermore, holly bushes grow back even after all their branches are cut off. holly bushes dying one by one. Learn more. The Beauty of Holly Without the Bite This dense, soft-textured evergreen has a nice, dome-shaped form that looks lovely as a low foundation shrub or hedge. Bushes and shrubs are woody, perennial plants that can take a variety of shapes, colors, and forms. As a trade-off for being rather plain-looking, inkberry is tolerant of a wide variety of challenging conditions, ranging from too much shade to too much moisture in the soil. Winterberry is at its prettiest after it has lost its leaves. These smaller shrubs can also be used as hedges and foundation plantings, and there is a dwarf holly for all areas of Florida. Consumption of the attractive berries is especially problematic since as few as 20 berries are enough to be fatal to a small child. Generally, we tolerate a plant's being deciduous, but we prefer it when it is clothed in foliage. Types of Holly Shrubs There are many types of holly shrubs: English holly (Ilex aquifolium) is one of the most common with its familiar glossy, dark-green spiky leaves and bright red berries used for Christmas displays. Holly of any type require no pruning at all. WINTERBERRY. 'Hetzii' is a shrubby cultivar of the Ilex crenata species, commonly called Japanese holly. Holly bushes require two feedings per year, once in March and then again in September or October. 'Blue Princess' is not so much blue, as a dark green with a bluish cast. The Lowdown on Holly Plants. When planted in favorable sites, they are more disease resistant and hardy. By Robin Sweetser. This shrub has slender evergreen foliage from which masses of tiny greenish-white flowers bloom in late spring and early summer. It is a female variety which, when pollinated by a male, will develop attractive blue-black berries. The quintessential Christmas variety, for example, is English holly, which grows best in Zone 6. Photo by: Proven Winners. This dwarf evergreen holly has a rounded habit that makes it well suited to container growing. The cultivar Ilex aquifolium ‘Rubricaulis Aurea’ is an English holly with variegated leaves. Nov 16, 2015 - With over 400 different species, hollies are a large genus that includes evergreen and deciduous shrubs, trees and climbers. The female clone of lIex x meserveae is a 3- to 12-foot shrub with the familiar glossy, toothed leaves common to most hollies. The German hybrids have more European Holly in them, and they are not as hardy. Nellie Stevens is a popular tree-form type in the American Southeast, though in most parts of the country, it is the shrub forms that are more popular. This feature makes 'Sky Pencil' popular in landscaping around front entries; such columnar plants effectively frame an entrance. The holly plant, with the shiny dark green leaves and prickly edges have been mentioned from pagan times when the Druids adorned themselves with holly as they entered the woods. These bushes are dark evergreen plants with bright-colored berries which serve as a great source of food for birds and herbivores. The Spruce / Autumn Wood Holly trees and shrubs fall within the Ilex genus of plants—the only genus of the Aquifoliaceae family. Pyramidal forms can be lightly shaped, while bushy types can be sheared into hedging and topiaries. Species of common holly are another type of privacy shrub that has prickly foliage to increase security. These were brewed to make teas, consumed in large quantities, and then vomited back out. It is known for having very good performance in damp, wet locations. If you’re looking for a holly plant for your garden, read on to learn about some of the best types of holly bushes and trees available for a range of different climates. Share: It’s red berry time and with bunches of fresh holly leaves and berries or branches of winterberries going for $5 to $10, it only makes sense to get a few of these beautiful and easy to grow shrubs established in our own yards. It is these ink colored berries that give the plant its common name of ‘inkberry holly.’, Special Features: Architectural structure. This plant is an attractive specimen in its own right, but also serves the purpose of pollinating nearby female holly plants so that they can produce berries. Make sure you choose a plant that’s the right size for your landscape — and that will thrive in your climate. Growing Holly Bushes: Popular Varieties. More From Doityourself Related Posts. It has won the Award of Garden Merit from the Royal Horticultural Society (Royal Horticultural Society). Identify holly bushes by looking at various parts of the plant. With over 480 species of holly and a wide variety of species, today we’ll explore some of the more popular species you might encounter. The berries are a food source for birds, but those which do not get eaten will persist through to winter, providing vibrant color to the winter garden. David Beaulieu is a garden writer with nearly 20 years experience writing about landscaping and over 10 years experience working in nurseries. By Robin Sweetser. The majority of these are dioecious, so they require both a male and female plant within pollination distance of each other in order for the female to produce fruits. Only the female plants produce berries, which are also a source of food for wildlife. Our other hollies lack spines on the leaves. Chinese Holly (I. cornuta) These evergreen shrubs have dark green leaves with pronounced spines. The growth forms also can vary from upright to weeping types. Holly can be evergreen or deciduous and range greatly in size and shape. Also called by their scientific name “ilex opaca,” American Holly is native to south … Different Types Of Holly Bushes And Trees. Holly Plant Care: It Takes Two! They come in a range of s… With its evergreen leaves and brilliant red berries, holly has traditionally been associated with Christmas decorations. Holly tree. If you are keen to grow a holly hedge on your property, then there should be a type of holly you can find to suit your climate, as long as you are not in a climate with extreme heat or extreme cold. This plant is a female species of holly and will need to be pollinated by a male blue holly in order to produce fruits. There is no doubt that evergreen Holly shrubs are much loved by both people and wildlife thanks to the bright red berries, they are great value and can live up to 300 years! The difference between a shrub and a tree is rather ambiguous. Holly Is there anything more quintessentially British than a holly tree? Zones: 5-8 Botanical name: Ilex crenata Shrub type: Evergreen Native: Asia Growing conditions: This evergreen shrub or small tree can adapt to a wide range of soil conditions and is tolerant of drought, shade and urban pollution. Several dwarf hollies reach only 3 feet tall and make a fine border for a garden bed. Holly bushes grow to be quite large. Holly can be evergreen or deciduous and range greatly in size and shape. It can grow 10 feet high, with a spread of only 2 to 3 feet. Certain holly bushes also bloom during specific seasons. American Holly. Home > Plant Identification > 100+ Different Types of Bushes and Shrubs. This plant is tolerant of a wide range of soil types and will thrive in both wet or dry soils. How to Use Evergreen Shrubs in the Landscape Japanese hollies are small bushes, 3 to 10 feet tall, with spineless leaves and black berries. Here are 5 common types of holly shrubs for your landscape. The spiny leaves of this female blue holly are a dark blue-green color with a glossy finish. Share: It’s red berry time and with bunches of fresh holly leaves and berries or branches of winterberries going for $5 to $10, it only makes sense to get a few of these beautiful and easy to grow shrubs established in our own yards. Holly with Red Berries. Botanical Accuracy Kissing Under The Mistletoe Or Is It Holly. It prefers moist soil, but it does have some tolerance against drought when established. Carissa holly is drought and heat tolerant, making for a hardy shrub. There's a lot more information about these wondrous plants that could make you marvel on its value. Specimen plants are usually tall and can stand alone as a focal plant. Last summer one bush started turning brown branch by branch and soon was completely dead. Some holly bushes grow to about 6 … This deciduous holly gets its name from the golden orange berries it produces in abundance throughout winter, following the green-white flowers that arrive late in the season, from late spring to summer. Holly can be evergreen or deciduous and range greatly in size and shape. The content of this field is kept private and will not be shown publicly. This specially-bred holly will survive temperatures of minus 30, so it can be grown in all but the coldest parts of the country. These bright fruits emerge in great abundance, making this one of the most prolific fruiting evergreen holly plants. It is a deciduous plant, losing its leaves at the end of fall to reveal a skeleton of silver-gray branches. A bush less than two feet from a house can threaten the foundation, given enough time. Due to its ability to cope with wet soil, it is one of the few holly plants which do not require well-draining soil. These evergreen hedging plants have leaves with spiked edges that help keep trespassers out of your yard. Types of Holly and Holly Bushes With over 480 species of holly and a wide variety of species, today we’ll explore some of the more popular species you might encounter. Written by: Carol Sarao. … New southern living plant collection 2 5 qt. Holly shrubs belong to the genus Ilex, which includes more than 400 different species of deciduous and evergreen shrubs, trees and climbing plants. Types of Holly Shrubs and More Nellie Stevens Holly A mix between a Chinese and English Holly, Nellie is admired for its glossy green foliage year-round and the radiant red berries that grow in the fall. The following list is organized in alphabetical order by common name. Like all holly plants, the American holly tree is dioecious, which means that a plant will either be male or female. Holly plant is attractive and valuable for its bright leaves and colorful berries. This is a female holly which is native to the east of North America. Admired for its glossy green foliage year-round, and the radiant red berries that grow in the fall, it's a go-to for privacy. Like the 'Hetz' cultivar, 'Sky Pencil' is an Ilex crenata (Japanese holly). How to Identify Types of Holly Bushes. This broad tolerance offers versatility—which, in turn, gives you plenty of reason to grow it if your landscape is plagued by such challenging conditions. You can also plant decorative bushes with various colors of leaves such as purple, red, and multicolored ones. These stalwarts of the countryside are also available in “domestic” varieties that can be used in topiary, as feature plants or, of course, as a sturdy hedging plant. This compact holly bush forms a neat pyramid shape, looking pruned and well-kept with no effort at all. Most types of Japanese holly do not grow beyond 12 feet in height. That’s Latin. Tree form plants will command much more attention than the same plant in shrub form. The berries are generally black, but on some Japanese Holly bushes, they are a shade of golden yellow. Ilex aquifolium ‘Silver Queen’ Ilex aquifolium ‘Silver Queen’ is grown for its distinctive foliage – it has … Scientific Name: Ilex x rutzan ‘Red Beauty’. Some holly can grow into trees while others take a bush formation. Holly’s big plant family includes hundreds of varieties that range from 70-foot-tall trees to petite shrubs less than a foot tall. Both male and female holly plants will produce an abundance of greenish-white flowers in spring, but only those on a female holly that have been pollinated by a male will develop into showy berries. A bush less than two feet from a house can threaten the foundation, given enough time. Hedgehog holly can adapt to a partially shaded position, but variegated varieties like this do tend to perform better in full sun. Holly bushes grow to be quite large. Determining the type of holly you are dealing with will help you plan the best pruning for that specific bush. Grown for their bright green, glossy leaves and contrasting red berries, hollies are an extremely hardy, long-lasting plant. January 29, 2019 . It is also a common shrub to use in rain gardens. The berries and leaves contain a variety of acids and tannins that can cause severe vomiting and diarrhea. View our range of holly below. The berries should not be ingested and can cause stomach irritation if eaten. Suggested plants to pair this with in order to encourage pollination and result in fruiting is male blue holly plants such as ‘blue prince’ and ‘blue stallion.’. The berries persist all through winter, looking exceptionally striking on the skeletal frame of the tree once all the leaves have dropped. Share: With more than 400 species, hollies are one of the most diverse groups of plants. This holly plant is native to the central and eastern United States, and has an upright habit which grows to take the shape of a tall pyramid. They are both part of the Ilex genus family of plants, which happens to be the only genus of the Aquifoliaceae family. Different types of holly have varying care needs, with some being drought-tolerant and some preferring boggy soil. For smaller spaces and even containers, consider a dwarf holly. Holly trees are dioecious, meaning there are both male and female trees. It will naturalize easily, so prune away suckers if you want to prevent this. The foliage is quite large, around three inches in length, and is ovate with toothed edges. Chinese hollies grow 10 to 15 feet tall, have dark, spiny leaves and can produce berries without a pollinator. Find out how to grow holly trees in a container and growing condition holly Plant, Holly Plant Care etc. The foliage is deep green, narrow, and smooth-edged, with tips that are flushed with red in spring. There is no doubt that evergreen Holly shrubs are much loved by both people and wildlife thanks to the bright red berries, they are great value and can live up to 300 years! They can grow up to considerable heights like 60 feet and above. If space is limited, sometimes a tree will fit where a shrub won't. The spruce david. If you live in zone 4, your best choices are simple – the Meserve Hollies with the original ‘Blue’ names of Mrs. Meserve. It has dark green, ovate leaves with minor serrations around the edge. Holly Bushes for Zone 5 If you live in zone 5, with winter lows going down to minus 20 degrees Fahrenheit, you have a lot of choices, so it won’t be hard to find a cold-hardy holly for your garden. It suckers rather profusely, but cultivars such as 'Shamrock' are better behaved in this regard. Tiny white flowers appear on this female holly bush in the spring, which will develop into bright red round berries in the fall if the blooms were pollinated by a male holly bush. Since most are evergreen and many have colorful berries, they are a boon to the snowy landscape, making them symbolic of winter and the Christmas season. With the arrival of spring comes a mass of tiny creamy green flowers, which on female plants will develop into bright orange-red berries if pollinated by a male holly. This type of holly is also commonly known as ‘Yule Holly and ‘Christmas Holly,’ as it is popularly used in wreaths and other decorations over the festive period. The cultivar name of this plant gives a good indication of its signature feature—this is a bush that is extremely narrow relative to its height. This compact male holly shrub has an upright habit. Many types of evergreen holly are thorny shrubs that are easy to grow and require little maintenance once the hedgerow is established. 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