(1)     This section applies to a rotorcraft that is type certificated in the transport category. TSO later versions are identified by an alphabetical letter (for example only, TSO-C129 (or TSO-C129(0) versus TSO-C129a). (d)   operate in diversity, as specified in paragraphs 3.1.2.10.4 to 3.1.2.10.4.5 (inclusive) of. (b)   be calibrated in ft, except that, if a flight is conducted in a foreign country which measures FLs or altitudes in metres, the equipment must be calibrated in metres or fitted with a conversion placard or device. MEL (short for minimum equipment list) has the meaning given by Part 1 of the CASR Dictionary. (b)   which is fitted with 1 of the following systems: (i)  an electronic flight information system (an EFIS); (iii)  another system for electronically displaying flight information. Find out all about this major event in the world of aviation. LPV means localiser performance with vertical navigation. (a)   be displayed in full view of all passengers; and. means the functional capability of an aircraft or vehicle to periodically broadcast its state vector (position and velocity) and other information derived from on-board systems in a format suitable for ADS-B IN capable receivers. (6)     Subsections (1) and (2) do not apply if: (a)   relevant weather conditions are forecast to occur on an intermittent or temporary basis; and. (4)     The pilot may only use NVIS if the NVG and NVD equipment constituting the NVIS complies with all applicable requirements of the civil aviation legislation for such equipment. (2)     Sections 2.09 and 2.10 prescribe the specified IFR cruising level for an IFR flight on a track. The shift to PBN enables more direct routes along a flight path and more efficient take-offs and landings. 3. (1)     An MEL for an aircraft must include the following: (a)   the name of the operator of the aircraft, including any operating or trading name; (b)   the aircraft type, model, registration mark and serial number; (c)   a list of the items in the aircraft, 1 or more of which may be inoperative for a flight of the aircraft; (d)   identification of the MMEL on which the MEL is based; (e)   definitions of any unique terms used in the MEL; (f)    guidance for the use and application of the MEL; (g)   a statement of whether rectification intervals will be calculated according to the local legal time or UTC. must display accurate time in hours, minutes and seconds. (b)   lands at a place in a populous area that is 1 of the following (a relevant HLS): (i)  avoid obstacles during the landing and any missed approach stage of the flight; and, (iii)  where the area is a confined area for the rotorcraft — hover out of ground effect for the landing; and. large aeroplane means an aeroplane with an MTOW of more than 5 700 kg. 14.05  Use of GNSS as substitute or alternative to ground-based navigation aids. (2)     Sections 26.06, 26.07 and 26.08 (other than subsection 26.08 (1)), do not apply to a relevant aeroplane if the aeroplane is fitted with equipment which provides the pilot with the same flight and navigation information as would be provided through compliance with section 26.06, 26.07 or 26.08 (other than subsection 26.08 (1)), as the case may be. (D)  if the aerodrome is a non-controlled aerodrome or a controlled aerodrome where ATC is not in operation — the take-off is conducted by day and the aerodrome is one at which the carriage of radio is mandatory. 1     If a provision of the civil aviation legislation permits an aircraft to operate for a period with an inoperative item and the period is less restrictive than the rectification interval for the item specified in the MMEL for the aircraft — the rectification interval for the item in the MEL may be based on the period mentioned in the provision. Note   The UTC is located at http://www.bipm.org. means a rotorcraft for which an experimental certificate has been issued and is in force under paragraph 21.191 (g) or (h) of CASR. For paragraph 91.277 (2) (e), this section prescribes an additional method for calculating the lowest altitude for a route or route segment as the minimum height for a VFR flight at night. agricultural operation has the meaning given in subregulation 2 (1) of CAR. (9)     Pressure altitude information reported by an approved transponder must be determined by a barometric encoder of a type authorised by CASA or the NAA of a recognised country in accordance with (E)TSO-C88a. Transmission of Mode S EHS DAPs that are not in accordance with the ICAO standards may provide misleading information to ATC. Note   A gyromagnetic type of remote indicating compass meets this requirement if it has a primary power supply and an alternate power supply. (4)     During the VFR-on-top operation, the pilot in command must: (d)   operate on specified VFR cruising levels. (5)     For an operation at or below the transition altitude, the pilot in command must use the following altimeter setting: (a)   the current local QNH (either an accurate QNH as defined in section 10.06 or a forecast QNH) of a station along the route within 100 NM of the aircraft; or. For subparagraph 91.425 (2) (a) (iii), the following kinds of persons are prescribed as persons who may start the engine of an aeroplane or cause the engine to be started: For subregulation 91.455 (1), this Chapter prescribes requirements relating to fuel for aircraft. ​Aviation Information Data Exchange (AIDX) is the global XML messaging standard for ​exchanging flight data between airlines, airports and third parties. (3)     For subsection (2), the pilot in command must take the following into account: (b)   the pressure altitude and temperature; (c)   the gradient of the runway in the direction of the take-off; (d)   the wind direction, speed and characteristics; (e)   the take-off and en route weather forecast; (f)    the obstacles in the vicinity of the take-off flight path. (b)   before and during the flight, the pilot in command takes appropriate precautions against any safety risks that could arise from the flight. 87, 26.07             Aeroplane VFR flight by night 87, 26.08             Aeroplane IFR flight 89, Division 26.4         Rotorcraft-specific requirements. transition layer means the airspace between the transition altitude and the transition level. requisite GNSS satellites means at least the number of serviceable GNSS satellites a GNSS manufacturer specifies in writing as being required for its approved GNSS to provide a particular RNP specification. There are eight phases in every flight for every aircraft. (3)     If the forecast area QNH is used, the pilot in command must increase the minima for the instrument approach by 50 ft. 14.04  GNSS arrivals, and DME or GNSS arrivals. (2)     During the relevant period, each person on the rotorcraft (other than an infant, if any) must wear a life jacket. (1)     During the period mentioned in subsection (2), a transponder fitted to an aircraft for a flight must be operated in a mode that enables an SSR response to be transmitted. NAT-HLA means North Atlantic High-Level Airspace, and is the airspace to which NAT Doc 007, North Atlantic Operations and Airspace Manual (as in force from time to time) applies. Table 21.05 (1) — An aircraft in Class A, B, C or D airspace, or an IFR aircraft in Class E airspace, Position report as per ATS or route reporting requirements, Previously reported position estimate is more than 2 minutes in error, Sustained variation of more than 10 kts or Mach 0.02 from any previously notified speed or any standard descent profile agreed between the aircraft operator and ATS, (a)  the level required for the airspace in which it is operating; or, (b)  the capability of the aircraft reported in the aircraft’s flight notification, Leaving a level or reaching an assigned level, Unable to comply with ATC clearances or instructions, If cancelling SARWATCH — report cancellation. The equipment must have an alternate power supply in addition to its primary power supply unless: (a)   the equipment has a source of power independent of the power operating other gyroscopic instruments; or. (b)   is conducted using a qualifying multi-engine aeroplane. speed for visual manoeuvring (circling) (kts), Division 2.3         Definition of standard visual signal. (B)   unless the approach is conducted using a HUD — a lateral element of lighting in the form of an approach lighting crossbar, a landing threshold light, or a barrette of TDZ lights. (4)     Transmission of the aircraft flight identification by an approved Mode S transponder is optional for an aircraft that was first issued with a certificate of airworthiness before 9 February 2012 (an older aircraft). (2)     A person (other than an infant) on board a rotorcraft must wear a life jacket if the flight is over water to or from a helideck. Note 1   For the definition of in the vicinity of a non-controlled aerodrome — see section 1.07. 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