Another aspect of ER is that the learner should be reading a wide variety of texts such as novels, mystery, poems etc. When it’s time for extensive reading practice, it’s more a matter of narrowing down choices than searching for them! (Waring, 2009) To develop good reading habits integrated with the immediate priorities of the teacher and the students. Extensive Reading helps learners understand grammar. In 1998, Richard Day provided a list of key characteristics for a successful Extensive Reading Programme. ;US£_mÌ-¼ĞȆçØõµ˜(¿v)äÜuü�ôœ+‘Ô*G65úOV 25É*£.òE!êUªİİwS�¨¦g\7E"j©02&n"’3L$H¢×�9Ñ3. Students read as much as possible. The readers read as much as possible the easy and enjoyable materials for pleasure, information or general understanding. In order to maintain the interest in reading among students in this school, we need to use extensive reading materials as an alternative to teach reading apart from using the traditional reading materials. Most extensive reading will be done out of the, According to Brasell and Rasinski (2008:20) reading comprehension is the ability to take information from written text and do something with it in a way that demonstrates knowledge or understanding of that information. The larger language exposure students have the faster they will pick it up (Anice Paterson & Jane Willis, 2008). 2) A variety of materials on a wide range of topics is available so as to encourage reading . He believed that in ER, books were read for both language study and … Characteristics of Extensive Reading Programs: The Impact of Extensive Reading on EFL Writing by Sy-ying Lee, Ph.D. and Ying-ying Hsu S ome scholars have hypothesized that writing style, the special language of writing, is acquired, or subconsciously absorbed, through reading (Krashen, Reading comprehension is an intentional, active, interactive, process that occurs before, during and after a person reads a particular piece of writing. Reading is fun! As a result, it is ideal to adapt lessons to the various learning styles of children as every child learns differently, some visual others through lectures (CITE). Due to this examination, many ESL teachers are expected to teach concepts which are on the test. In other words, having knowledge about genre is likely to play a significant role in enhancing the reading comprehension. It works as ‘textual schemata’, and it limits the ‘meaning-potential’ of a specific text (O’Sullivan, et al, 1994). Characteristic of extensive reading 1) Students read as much as possible, perhaps in and definitely out of the classroom. Universidad de Veracruz, Mexico. In other words, language learners need to construct meaning while reading a text, and having adequate knowledge regarding the genre of the text can facilitate this process. ELLs are encouraged to make individual book selections according to level and interest from the school/public library. Mastering English becomes a need for students who want to … To know language means to understand and speak the language. A variety of materials on a wide range of topics is available so as to encourage reading for different reasons and in different ways. In Palmer’s view of ER, students read a great deal and read quickly. ER allows for multiple encounters with words and phrases in context thus making possible the progressive accretion of meanings to them. Extensive reading extends, consolidates and sustains vocabulary growth Vocabulary is not learned by a single exposure. ˵`ö’I,ìØğéä‘�CQêÔ@:t–kd�!H%jk:˜Ê‰ô¶ÒŒ-4†{‹ræ¬pŞY³æÜ›q! %O€KxÛ†FŸ€oÍÀ�ø-ªRÊì�‹;¨D}Úşı©™8v 7´Â€�'x¯$dğb $"İzFFÑŠL‰­oägÍjN�-„–�ÊFQ�ÕI@œs)벤­îõkü‘…± Therefore, Teacher and students should be active throughout the reading, For teachers to teach reading effectively their lessons should include vocabulary, decoding skills, fluency and comprehension strategies. . 1) Students read as much as possible, perhaps in and definitely out of the classroom. Fowler (1989) has pointed out that “Readers learn genres gradually, usually through unconscious familiarization.” (p. 215) Thus, teachers can employ this technique to improve the learners’ reading comprehension. Studies have proven that extensive reading improves reading speed, reading comprehension, listening, speaking skills as well as vocabulary and grammar. Realizing the importance of reading, some collages make it as one of subject. Characteristics of Extensive Reading Students read as much as possible, perhaps in and definitely out of the classroom. Although reading comprehension can be one goal of intensive reading, its goals may include learning subject matter, vocabulary learning and studying the authors’ intentions. ¦³³oÀ¿F_pAßL„:¡èWÌÄAÚÁ�ÆoğÎëL¨3¥Fép‚F¢ä9JqÏк�'×Ú{¼6KÔ¼8"OB-+’u&‘$àï²Ä/P}T ¢ˆË­‘S~ºtøk¦ƒ,󲻀çOé3™M)M¥e I–¦¢FmP|Y%Aí5¾ëöµ All it requires is a library of suitable reading material. Extensive reading is reading for fun, entertainment and pleasure, as well as to gain a basic understanding of something. In simple terms Extensive Reading is reading as many easy books as possible for pleasure, and can be contrasted with intensive reading which is slow, careful reading of a short, difficult text. for different reasons and in different ways. A good book can take you from the depths of the ocean floor to the farthest reaches of our galaxy and beyond. After all, teaching reading to students without such a taste is, as Eskey (1995), nicely phrased it, … Actually, there are so many options that it might seem a bit overwhelming, so we’ve narrowed things down a bit. Introduction This article provides three differences… Timed reading is an activity which is usually done to increase reading speed (Nation, 2007). Using these techniques and strategies taught in class students can make connections to build up their reading comprehension. Needless to say, that helps them develop overall language skills. Determining the Crucial Characteristics of Extensive Reading Programs: The Impact of Extensive Reading on EFL Writing @inproceedings{Lee2009DeterminingTC, title={Determining the Crucial Characteristics of Extensive Reading Programs: The Impact of Extensive Reading on EFL Writing}, author={Sy-Ying Lee and Y. Hsu}, year={2009} } The list includes ten principles as follows: 1. Reading motivation is a key factor in reading performance. Language is primarily spoken form. Through extensive reading readers transmit the information and content of the materials constructed by the author through the analysis of the data. I believe English Literature will play a pivotal role in students’ lives because this subject has a lot to offer them. extensive reading as a program at Georgian universities The first chapter presents different views on reading, characteristics of a reader, and defines extensive reading with its They have to express their views on particular topic in English in a minute. Extensive Reading (ER), known with other names such as Free Voluntary Reading (FEVER), Uninterrupted Sustained Silent Reading (USSR), Drop Everything and Read (DEAR), or Positive Outcomes While Enjoying Reading (POWER), is to “read a lot” (Palmer 1969, Harmer 2007, Maley 2009, Day 2011). Read at home – It helps to always have books at (home). They read in their own speed individually with encouragement, no pressure, no test and the. Because extensive reading is so different from normal classroom teaching, learners need to be introduced carefully. Extensive Reading allows the learner to develop an awareness of collocations (common word partnerships) and thousands of lexical phrases. As we discussed with our first article, students who have better automaticity obtain more cognitive abilities that they can put forth to work with reading comprehension. Extensive and Intensive are different in some cases. The purposes of reading are usually related to pleasure and interest. 1. Extensive Reading builds vocabulary. Nevertheless, there is … English Literature also helps students deal with problems in everyday situations; by reading novels about past issues, they. The Characteristics of an Extensive Reading Approach from Day & Bamford (1998) Students read as much as possible, perhaps in and definitely out of the classroom. Continuation –Day & Bamford –the Characteristics of Extensive Reading Reading is individual and silent –at student’s own pace, in and out of the classroom Reading speed is usually faster than slower –students read books that they find easily understandable Teachers involve the students in the methodology and the Extensive reading out of class By conducting Just A Minute (JAM), teacher can build up confidence in students. Extensive Reading Material. Nowadays in the foreign language teaching methodology by Georgian authors the definition of extensive reading is adopted in general. In any one class, a wide range of reading ability is “valid”. SECTION B 2. A Teaching Method: Reading Approach Written by: Thety Anggraini (06081001003) Lianasari (06081001004) English Education Study Program Sriwijaya University INTRODUCTION Nowadays, English becomes an international language. This research is to investigate the effectiveness of using extensive reading materials to teach reading for standard 5 students As we aware, reading is an active process in which readers shift between sources of information, elaborate meaning and strategies, check their interpretation and use social context to focus their responses. Role of English teacher in developing speaking skills in students: When learners read a lot, they meet thousands of words and lexical (word) patterns that are not taught in textbooks. I am inspired to develop methods that would help students attain skills such as being imaginative, analytical and interpretive. It demands all the society in every background especially for students to master it well. Teachers can ask students about the books they are reading informally, and encourage occasional mini-presentations of the books or book reviews, but these should not seem like obligations to the students. 2) A variety of materials on a wide range of topics is available so as to encourage reading for different reasons and in different ways. Typically ER involves reading massive amounts of very simple material so that the learner can read smoothly, confidently and pleasurably. In extensive reading you should know at least 98% of the words on a page. Extensive Reading. For specifics of how to create such a library, see David Hill's "Setting up an Extensive Reading Programme," and "Graded Readers: Choosing the Best" in this issue. Currently, extensive reading (ER) is one reading approach that is being studied by most reading experts. Extensive reading, apart from its impact on language and reading ability, can be a key to unlocking the all-important taste for foreign language reading among students. Unfortunately many of us have come to associate learning with unnecessary suffering. While intensive reading requires a high level of focus and deliberate effort, extensive reading is meant to be a fun and pleasurable experience, requiring a low expenditure of mental effort. I believe reading is an important aspect of our lives; in fact we do this every day, hence the reason I choose to teach English Literature. Unlike extensive reading, the goal of intensive reading is not to read many texts for fluency, but rather to read a shorter piece of text to gain a deeper understanding of that text. The more extensive reading you do, the more language you are exposed to, allowing you to increase your passive knowledge of vocabulary quite quickly. Intensive reading can often be done through the kind of activities offered in the average course book. Therefore, it is a complex skill that should be owned and mastered by students; moreover, it should be rehearsed and examined continuously in order to improve the ability in comprehending the information they have. Goal of Extensive Reading. aurovarona@yahoo.com.mx. Various techniques have been attempted by pedagogues to eradicate resistance to reading and among them Extensive reading is the most frequently cited remedy and is a very useful and relatively painless device to promote reading motivation and enhance reading performance of students. Therefore, reading fluency, the use of accuracy and automaticity, connects to student’s reading comprehension. According to Elfira, Marhum and Mashuri (2015), DRTA strategy encourages students to use their mind while reading, thus making them thoughtful and active learner as they comprehend the text. On the other hand, intensive reading is comprehensive in nature, as it involves comprehension of the written text. Here are some suggestions for beginning an extensive reading program: The following are the basic characteristics of extensive reading: 1. Some scholars have highlighted the benefits of using extensive reading as a way to motivate students to learn a second language (L2). We asked authors, teachers, and other experts what you can do to turn yourself into a bookworm, and they gave us these tips: 1. Aurora Varona Archer. Both the teacher and students can be assisted during teaching and learning when DRTA strategy is being implemented. Teachers can also opt for silent reading in class which can bridge to home reading. An interesting point made by Ashworth was that if a student struggles with learning English in the classroom, they should not be removed from the class or held back but instead continue with their original class. Students decide on what to read and have the liberty to discontinue reading if the … characteristics of extensive reading The teacher needs to explain what this is about, and according to the level of the students, explain the rationale behind implementing such a scheme. Since the aim of the reading programme is to develop students’ ability to become independent readers, extensive reading is very important. RW Reading & Writing - Journal of the Reading Association of South Africa 2079-8245 2308-1422 AOSIS RW-8-153 10.4102/rw.v8i1.153 Original Research Extensive reading in a tertiary reading programme: Students’ accounts of affective and cognitive benefits Boakye Naomi A. ÂĞv!zÛ°�şİ/Æ#ØxD±.�mÙ6½ƒI�̇¨… Lf1Ÿ“�Álx8ñšÇJÔ™TfV¦Àṉc!eJgé(lŠ²£(F“ÃÓO% Analyzing The Extensive Reading Approach English Language Essay. Whether you are reading a book, using a tablet or following along on a phone, reading is a great way to explore the world! YÆ(*ùô^ËÏÒZd;œ•‰�gäF…ö&ñÙáX!wv0 [Š\Ę̉+RÑÓÂÜ�F­ø+ê'¯W³?Š�#´Gç ¦µ‰!E‘X0ŠåJ Home characteristics of extensive reading. Reading is an activity that can add someone’s knowledge about important news and also some new vocabulary items. You should have that wonderful feeling of being wrapped up in a story, unable to set the book down even to eat. Students read as much as possible, usually out of the classroom. Kelly (1969) claimed that Harold Palmer was the first to use the term extensive readingin foreign language (FL) teaching. There are two kinds of teaching reading; Extensive and Intensive. Basically you can call it a detailed analysis or say the Narrow Reading. Motivated readers work harder to build meaning in their reading and display increased comprehension (Pardo, 2004). The Principles of Extensive Reading. This subject focuses on reading, as such, I will incorporate different reading strategies such as peer, group, question generating, and cooperative learning, so that all students will develop a love and openness for this subject. A student’s reading success depends of their reading. Extensive Reading in a foreign language is a process mostly for pleasure (Day & Bamford, 1997; Dungworth etal, 2004) and involves students in a relaxed and individualized reading procedure. Extensive Reading is a supplementary reading which is concerned with decoding of the written material. The fact of promoting autonomous and self-selected readings extensively makes this reading approach suitable for both L2 and EFL learners (Renandya & Jacobs, 2002). 3. Extensive reading is rarely included in course books, although those with long ELT memories might recall the power of the famous story The Man Who Escaped in Robert O’Neill et al’s Kernel Lessons Intermediate published by Longman in the 1970s. Corpus ID: 16525894. In other words, it should feel like reading. In an article published for the October 2002 issue of "Reading in a Foreign Language," English instructor Julian Bamford, of Bunkyo University in Japan, and Richard R. Day of the University of Hawaii at Manoa, outlined their approach to providing opportunities for extensive reading. ™½øKğ$+�ğ£.�53|Š6Ìs4goù¸lgí Ï÷ ›tó-ºBá,  £m:tâÅl+À¨®cÙÎGb&âİY¼�]_òv¾¦ÁÓ,,¾é ojüΈŸ[ÌB³ÑãæÅ`o¶&ßxVM" Here in this article we will highlight the basic characteristics of intensive reading. https://www.weareteacherfinder.com/blog/extensive-intensive-reading Some of you may feel skeptical if your experience with extensive reading in classroom hasn’t always been positive. Extensive reading is a prime means of developing a taste for foreign language reading. A key component to properly learning English is developing a unique classroom culture that fosters learning the language (CITE). 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