We describe a species of Hoolock gibbon (Primates: Hylobatidae) that is new to science from eastern Myanmar and southwestern China. Traditionally, the hoolock has been considered being a member of the genus Hylobates and the monotypic representant of a distinct subgenus (e.g. It is listed as Vulnerable under the IUCN Redlist. . For example, in Assam, India, the annual temperature usually ranges between 7°C (44.6°F) and 32°C (89.6°F) (Choudhury 2000). "Hoolock" of "Voolock" was de inheemse naam voor de soort. The eastern hoolock gibbon (Hoolock leuconedys) inhabits pockets of Arunachal Pradesh and Assam, and southern China and north-east Myanmar; this specie is listed as ‘vulnerable’ in the IUCN list. Eastern Hoolock Gibbons IUCN list : Vulnerable Wild # Native to Myanmar, NE India, Southern Yunnan China . © International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources. The following statement was read by Dr Jane Smart, Global Director of the Biodiversity Conservation Group and Director of the Global Species Programme at IUCN, at the fifth Anniversary Celebration of International Gibbon Day on Saturday 24 October 2020. Hoolock hoolock (Harlan 1834) Species recognized by EOL Dynamic Hierarchy 1.1 and EOL Dynamic Hierarchy 1.1 Reference taxon from ITIS Global in Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life (rhesus macaque, pig-tailed macaque, Hoolock gibbon, capped langur, golden langur, slow loris) were collected and sent to our collaborators at the CDC's Polio & Picornavirus Branch. (Wolfheim, 1983) Hoolock Gibbon by Dr Raju Kasambe 03.JPG 768 × 791; 103 KB Hoolock Gibbon DSCN1410 01.jpg 4,608 × 3,456; 4.29 MB Hoolock Gibbon DSCN1410 02.jpg 4,608 × 3,456; 6.62 MB It is categorized as Endangered on the IUCN Red List. Please enter your e-mail address and password below. Mating occurs during the summer rainy season with births during the winter, usually between September and January (McCann 1933; Alfred 1992; Tilson 1979; Choudhury 1990; Alfred 1992; Ahsan 2001). The Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) and Western Hoolock gibbon (Hoolock hoolock) are two species of global conservation importance that are limited to only tropical Asian forests (Fig. Global ... For UPSC IUCN status is important. Fecal specimens were tested for Of the two, the Western Hoolock is listed as Vulnerable in the IUCN RedList, while the Eastern Hoolock is listed as Endangered. The Hoolock gibbons’ original entire habitat covered about 100,000 square miles (160,000 sq km) and shrunk to 35,000 square miles (56,000 sq km) in 1987. The hoolock gibbons are three primate species of genus Hoolock in the gibbon family, Hylobatidae, native to eastern Bangladesh, Northeast India, Myanmar and Southwest China. Our District. Hoolock gibbons threatened with extinction in two manipur districts.Western hoolock gibbons have declined by almost 90% over the last 30 years . The IUCN lists all five Malaysian species as Endangered (A2cd) due to habitat loss, degradation, and fragmentation and hunting. Western Hoolock female (Photo: Stock image) Until recently, almost nothing was known about the status of Hoolock Gibbon in Myanmar. This species has 38 chromosomes and sing a duet. The species is found in Assam, Bangladesh and in Myanmar west of the Chindwin River. We found 40–43 groups, with a mean group size of 3.9, and five solitary individuals. Established in 1964, the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species has evolved to become the world’s most comprehensive information source on the global conservation status of animal, fungi and plant species. Hoolock gibbons are about 32 inches tall, have no tail, and, depending on the sex, weigh an average of 13 pounds (female) or 15 pounds (male), … An adult female Skywalker Hoolock Gibbon (Hoolock tianxing). The first modern records on the species in Myanmar were collected in 1983, during assessments for new protected areas in the country. We conducted an intensive survey of the Vulnerable eastern hoolock gibbon Hoolock leuconedys along the west bank of the Salween River in southern China, covering all known hoolock gibbon populations in China. The eastern hoolock gibbon (Hoolock leuconedys) is a primate from the gibbon family, Hylobatidae. Like other gibbons, hoolock gibbon pairs produce a loud, elaborate song, usually sung as a duet from the forest canopy, in which younger individuals of the family group may join in. According the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, the Western Hoolock Gibbon is listed as Endangered, as there is reason to believe the species has declined by at least 50% over the past three generations. The species was listed on Schedule I, the highest schedule, on the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act in 1972. Improve conservation awareness for local communities; Stabilise and develop livelihood buffer zone communities; Harmonise the benefits of conservation and livelihood development, ensuring that the use of wild living resources is sustainable; Encourage the participation of local communities and stakeholders in the management of protected areas; To become a showcase model of species conservation at international level; Promote internal resources for gibbons conservation and development, and other biodiversity values; Protect, expand and improve the quality of habitat and create corridors connecting areas of high biodiversity; Build wildlife rescue centers, research and store rare genetic resources, improve management and law enforcement capacity, create links of  expertise with  ex situ centers (zoo). The event was held in Haikou, Hainan Province, China, with all the international guests joining online. World Dugong Day 2020 | UPSC. This species is listed as endangered species in IUCN Red list with less than 5000 individual left in wild. Geographically, the natural range pf Hoolock gibbons extends east to the Salween River and west to the Brahmaputra River. The western hoolock is listed as Endangered in the IUCN Redlist. A new gibbon species was discovered in … With long and slender arms, hoolock gibbons are swift creatures, barely needing to step on the ground. The species was listed on Schedule I, the highest schedule, on the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act in 1972. Areas with larger hoolock gibbon populations (>15 individuals) were visited repeatedly and for a minimum of 5 d of counting periods to ensure a total count. The Hoolock gibbon is a rare primate and the only species of ape in the Indian sub-continent. Small apes are frugivores that are dependent on the closed-canopy forest for their diets and locomotion, and are strictly territorial, so they are particularly vulnerable to … Consider the following statements with reference to the Hoolock Gibbon: The Hoolock Gibbon is the only ape found in India. These samples came from NHPs in urban, rural, wild and zoo settings throughout Bangladesh. of hoolock gibbons for some decades. Gibbons: Love is in the air for these tree-dwelling primates, but for the Western Hoolock Gibbon (Hoolock hoolock) there are greater concerns than finding the perfect mate. Hoolock gibbons are typically monogamous, living in mating pairs with offspring (Siddiqi 1986; Choudhury 1991; Gupta et al. The western hoolock gibbon was designated as one of the top 10 threatened gibbon … An ideal gibbon habitat in Abongo village. About Us; Superintendent’s Message; District Leadership The International Union for Conservation of Nature lists the western Hoolock gibbon as Endangered, appearing on the IUCN’s Red List of Threatened Species (IUCN, 2017). All hoolock gibbons in each site were located and counted. The species is found in Assam, Mizoram & Meghalaya in India, Bangladesh and in Myanmar west of the Chindwin River. Species threat status is taken from the IUCN Red List of endangered species, available at www.iucnredlist.org At the time of the … Promote local capacity, conservation education and awareness; and. It is the second largest Gibbon in the world. Wednesday, December 2nd 2020. This website was made possible through generous support from: You must log in to access advanced IUCN Red List functionality. 2005). The taxonomy of the hoolock gibbon has recently been significantly revised. The following statement was read by Dr Jane Smart, Global Director of the Biodiversity Conservation Group and Director of the Global Species Programme at IUCN, at the fifth Anniversary Celebration of International Gibbon Day on Saturday 24 October 2020. Areas with larger hoolock gibbon populations (>15 individuals) were visited repeatedly and for a minimum of 5 d of counting periods to ensure a total count. Geissmann, 1995; Rowe, 1996; Marshall & Sugardjito, 1986). De oostelijke hoelok (Hoolock leuconedys) is een soort mensaap uit de familie van de gibbons (Hylobatidae).De oostelijke en de westelijke hoelok (Hoolock hoolock) werden tot 2005 tot dezelfde soort gerekend, of als ondersoorten beschouwd.Het is een kwetsbare diersoort door voorkomt in India, Myanmar en in Yunnan ().. Beschrijving. Mootnick and Groves stated that hoolock gibbons do not belong in the genus Bunopithecus, and placed them in a new genus, Hoolock. IUCN 2020. 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